Anal Cancer Detection
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Anal cancer detection is the most primary step in the treatment of cancer in the anus. The chances of eliminating the cancer are high if the tumors are detected right in the early or developmental stages. Also, it is easy to chalk out the diagnosis pattern and the line of treatment if the physician is made aware of the irregularities in the anus well in time.
What is anal cancer detection?
The symptoms shown by anal cancer may be very much similar to those by various others disorders which may not necessarily be the cancerous ones. Some of the basic anal cancer symptoms like the formation of lump can also be an indication of a benign tumor and not the cancerous one. Also, ulcers and infections in the anus may occur due to various different reasons like unhealed or ignored injuries, skin burns or even the poor hygiene in the anal areas.
Every irregularity detected in the anus is not necessarily a development of cancerous cells. But, one can't know the reasons for the disorders occurring in the anus without proper medical examination. Though the infection or injury is non-cancerous, it may develop into a cancerous one if not treated in time. Also, one should not delay in treating benign tumors as they are the primary targets of the cancerous cells.
Anal cancer detection process is not limited to only the anal areas. The cancer in the anus may be primary or secondary in nature. Primary cancer of the anus is the one in which the cancerous cells develop originally in the anus and may infect other areas of the body by the way of metastasis. Secondary cancer is the one in which the malignant or cancerous cells develop in the organs or areas other than the anus and reach the anal areas at a later stage. The process of metastasis plays an important role in spreading the cancer and the malignant tumors reach different areas of the body through the lymph node or bloodstream. Hence, the scope of the detection of anal cancer is wide and also involves some of the major organs like the bowel, abdomen, lymph, liver or even the lungs. Anal cancer has a high chance of recurrence and its early detection will be advantageous to minimize the chances of redevelopment of cancerous tumors.
How to detect the cancer in the anus?
Formation of lump or an unusual swelling or soreness in the anal areas is the most primary indication to undergo a thorough medical examination. Diagnosis of anal cancer can be complicated if a person is suffering from AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) or infected by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Also, other sexually transmitted diseases may be a direct cause of cancer in the anus. People suffering from such disorders must urgently diagnose any unusual changes in the anal areas or improper movement of bowels.
Some of the latest methods like the biopsy, computed tomography (CT) scan, fine needle aspiration biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan are commonly used worldwide to detect the presence of cancerous tumors in the anus. These techniques are useful in thoroughly inspecting the internal body and tracing the exact location and origin of the tumors. Habits of the victim highly impact the intensity of the disease. Those who are used to smoking and consuming excess alcohol have high chances of the tumor infections in various areas of the body simultaneously. Also, chewing tobacco, eating unhygienic food (especially, the food low in nutrients and vitamins and high in fat contents) can make oneself prone to the cancer in the anus.
Ultrasound, X-rays, positron emission tomography (PET) test, digital rectal exam (DRE) and endoscopy also helps in detecting the tumors in an efficient and reliable manner. Problems in the digestive system, abdominal pains, back pains and unusual bleeding or discharge from the anus, that do not heal by normal medication, must be consulted with a cancer specialist. This helps in early detection of the cancer in the anus. The disease is more common in women as compared to men and occurs mostly after the age of 45 years. Also, the risk of being infected by the disease increases with age and a regular medical checkup is necessary to detect the cancer right in the early stages.
Benefits of early detection
Anal cancer detection in the early or initial stages will benefit the victim in the type of treatment he is required to undergo. Severity of the treatment increases with the intensity of the disease. Also, the tumors are likely to multiply rapidly in the advanced stages and the abnormality becomes uncontrollable. Severe treatment leads to increase in the number of side effects. In many cases, the damage caused due to the side effects is irreversible and may permanently affect the normal functioning of the victim's body. Early detection helps in eliminating or at least minimizing the damage that may be caused to the patient's body and makes him less prone to anal cancer recurrence.
Anal cancer detection is very helpful in treating the tumors by the way of surgery. Surgery is the most common mode of treatment if the tumors are benign or are into a developmental stage. Radiation treatment along with or without chemotherapy is recommended if there is a failure in detecting the anal cancer in time. Thus, detection of anal cancer must be taken seriously and a frequent, thorough and reliable medical examination is the only way to detect the malignant tumors in time.