Anal Cancer Diagnosis
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Anal cancer diagnosis is the most important step in determining the nature and intensity of the cancerous tumors developed in the anus or adjacent areas. Detection of anal cancer is the most primary stage of diagnosis of the disease. Thus, diagnosis of the cancerous tumors largely depends upon how and when the tumors are detected. Wrong detection of tumors may hamper the overall process of diagnosis and create difficulties in undergoing the most feasible treatment.
Concept of anal cancer diagnosis
Anal cancer diagnosis lies somewhere in between the detection treatment. Thus, it is the last step of cancer detection and the first step for cancer treatment. Anal cancer is of two main types as primary and secondary. Primary anal cancer is the one in which the cancerous or malignant cells attack the tissues and cells present in the anus and infect other areas and organs of the body with the passage of time.
Secondary anal cancer is the most common form of cancer in the anus and majority of the cases detected worldwide belong to this category. In this type, the cancerous tumors originate in the locations other than the anal areas and metastasize to the anus as the severity of the cancer increases. They pass to various parts of the body through lymph nodes and bloodstream. Also, they develop rapidly and create separate tumors in the areas they invade.
Diagnosis of anal cancer is very important to determine whether the tumors are primary or secondary. The form of treatment also varies according to the nature and intensity of the tumors. Secondary tumors have high chances of infecting various vital organs of the body simultaneously and can recur easily. Thus, these tumors need stern treatment as compared to the primary ones. Secondary tumors in the anus are difficult to eliminate by surgery and more severe healing pattern like exposing them to chemicals or radiations is needed.
Anal cancer diagnosis also helps in determining whether a tumor is benign or cancerous. Benign tumors are usually harmless as they are non-cancerous in nature. They restrict themselves to a specific area and do not metastasize. Thus, diagnosing and treating benign tumors is easy. Cancerous tumors are exactly opposite to the benign ones and have a high tendency to metastasize. Also, they grow rapidly and are difficult to eliminate.
Tips for anal cancer diagnosis
Anal cancer diagnosis initiates with the identification and examination of tumors. Identifying the type of tumor becomes easier if the patient undergoes some of the reliable diagnosis techniques like fine needle aspiration biopsy, ultrasound, endoscopy, digital rectal exam (DRE) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. The type and intensity of the treatment one needs to undergo depends mainly upon the output of diagnosis.
Computed tomography (CT) scan, positron emission tomography (PET) test and X-rays are of immense benefit in locating the tumors and examining the areas in they might have spread in. Anal cancer is curable if detected and diagnosed in the early stages. Also, the numbers of side effects that may be caused by the cancer treatment are considerably less in the developmental or initial stages of the disease.
If the cancer in the anus is diagnosed properly in the primary stages, the chances of metastasis and recurrence of cancerous tumors can be minimized to a great extent. Cancer of the anus develops in various stages and the diagnosis is helpful in determining the exact stage of the disease.
People who are suffering from human papillomavirus (HPV), AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and other sexually transmitted diseases must undergo a thorough and regular medical examination. Cancer of the anus is more common in women as compared to men. Also, the disease is more common in adults (usually above 45 years). The possibility of being infected by the cancer increases with age.
One must go for a serious diagnosis if a lump or tumor is detected in the anal areas. Any ulcers or infections in the anus, that fails to heal by regular medication, must be diagnosed immediately for better cure. Visual examination of the anal areas is the primary technique to detect any unusualness in the anus. Formation of lump, anal pains and injuries in the anus should be diagnosed aptly for the presence of tumors. Endo-anal ultrasound is an important primary method to thoroughly diagnose the interior areas of the anus and look out for presence of tumors.
Anal cancer diagnosis can be complicated and may vary from person to person. Unexpected and unusual discharge or bleeding from the anus and anal fistulas are some of the basic symptoms of anal cancer. You must consult a cancer specialist for proper and reliable diagnosis of the anal cancer. It is necessary to interpret the output of tests correctly or the whole pattern of diagnosis may prove meaningless. Also, proper diagnosis of anal cancer is vital in curbing the cancerous development effectively.