Anal Cancer Prevention
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Anal cancer prevention is vital in keeping you away from the development of cancerous or malignant tumors in the anus. This also helps in maintaining proper anal health and defends a person from any sort of disorders in the anus or adjacent areas. Knowing the causes and symptoms of anal cancer, makes it easy for a person to prevent it.
Anal cancer prevention in detail
Anal cancer prevention is very useful in minimizing the risk of the development of cancerous cells in the anus or the surrounding areas. A regular and thorough medical checkup will be advantageous in keeping a check on the development of tumors. In most of the cases, the tumors formed in the initial stages are generally benign.
Benign tumors are different from the cancerous ones and are usually harmless to the body. They rarely metastasize and do not involve in damaging live and healthy cells and tissues. Also, they can be easily removed by surgery and do not usually redevelop. Cancerous tumors behave exactly opposite to the benign ones and are a big threat to live cells and tissues. They metastasize to different areas using lymph nodes, tissues and bloodstream as the prime medium it is difficult to curb cancerous tumors and the chances of their recurrence are high.
Treating benign tumors form the basis of anal cancer prevention. Though these tumors are harmless, they can be the soft targets of the cancerous cells. They may also provide a condition suitable for rapid development of malignant tumors. Thus, it is necessary to detect and diagnose benign tumors well in time.
How to prevent anal cancer?
The main intention of the prevention of anal cancer is to avoid the body tissues and cells from being prone to the cancerous attack. A strong immune system is necessary for proper and sufficient generation of antibodies and keeping the body resistance intact. Cancerous cells primarily target those cells and tissues which are unhealthy and do not have the potential to resist the infection. Once the cancerous cells enter the vital tissues, infecting other parts of the body becomes much easier. A strong immune system enables the body cells and tissues to fight the cancerous attack and prevents it from spreading further.
Balanced and nutritious diet is very important to keep your immune system intact. Inclusion of vegetables in the regular diet will take care of the nutrient requirements of the body. Also, you should consume salads and fruits to fulfill the vitamin requirements and enable the body tissues to become more healthy and efficient.
Smoking cigarettes is one of the major causes of the disease. Also, tobacco chewing and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol prevents your body from being healthy and active. These habits cause an irreparable damage to the body cells and tissues and make them insensitive and inactive. Once the cancer cells enter the body, they may rapidly spread to the anus leading to anal cancer.
Anal cancer prevention mainly depends on how fast the symptoms of irregularities in the anus are detected. Any change in the movements of the bowel, anal pains and pain in the abdomen need to be treated urgently. These are the early signs of anal cancer and may lead to the development of cancerous tumors if not treated effectively.
Anal infections, ulcers and injuries in the anus should be medicated properly to avoid further complications. If these injuries do not heal by normal medical treatments, you must undergo a thorough diagnosis of the internal body. Biopsy, fine needle aspiration biopsy and positron emission tomography (PET) test are some of the important techniques to detect presence of cancerous tumors. Benign tumors should be removed at the earliest to minimize the risk of anal cancer.
Unusual discharge or bleeding in the anus should be consulted with a physician. If it doesn't heal even after medication, one should undergo endoscopy, endoanal ultrasound or digital rectal exam of the anus. This helps in treating the irregularities in the anus well in time and prevents you from being infected by the cancer of the anus.
Presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the body is a big threat and makes a person highly vulnerable to anal cancer. Avoid multiple sex partners and have safe sex. Anal sex should be strictly avoided. Also, those who are infected by acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases should be more particular with their health checkup and should not tolerate any irregularities in the anal areas for long. One should see a doctor if there is severe pain in the abdominal areas or problems in the digestive system.
Anal cancer is more common in women as compared to men. The cancer usually occurs in adults and people aged over 45 years are more prone to it. The risk of getting infected by the disease increases with age. Thus, adults should be very particular about their anal health. Poor anal hygiene is one of the major causes of the anal cancer and should be avoided.
Anal cancer prevention is easy if you diagnose any unusual changes in the anus well in time. Prevention of the development of cancerous cells also helps in keeping your immune system intact and safeguards you from any other health complications that may arise later. Cancer treatments are very stern and come with a considerable number of side effects. Hence, preventing anal cancer is extremely necessary and is much safer than getting treated for the same.