Anal Cancer Research
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Anal cancer research forms the basis of implementing latest methods and technology to cure anus cancer. It also helps in proper and reliable diagnosis of the disease. Research on cancer of the anus also benefits in exploring new causes and symptoms related to the disease and helps the cancer specialists to change with times.
What is anal cancer research?
Research on anal cancer deals mainly with the changes that take place in the anus. It also tries to interpret those changes in the current scenario. Some of the causes and early signs of anal cancer might be showing a decade back are bound to get redundant with times. Treating a person on such redundant symptoms might lead to an irreparable damage to the victim's body and will fail to cure the disease efficiently. Also, taking outdated causes as the basis of diagnosis may cause delay in the overall process of treatment and allow the cancerous tumors to develop more rapidly.
Anal cancer research can be of various types and has a wide scope. Research on identification of cancer stages, nature and severity of tumors, stages through which the tumors progress and the most feasible treatment for a kind of tumor are some of the areas covered under research on anal cancer. The research also deals with the effect of a particular medicine on a patient and the severity of side effects that it carries. High number of side effects is the main concern in prescribing medicines for a patient and a thorough research helps in putting the victim at a minimum risk.
Dimensions of anal cancer research
Habits and lifestyle of people change with times. Drinking and smoking was a rare custom 25 years back and was a sign of prestige and style. But it has become quite common today and most of the youngsters are habituated to it. Thus, research on anal cancer explores for the best possible solution taking into consideration such habits in the victim.
Anal cancer is more common in women than men and occurs mostly in adults. People aged above 45 years of age are more prone to the disease as compared to young people. In most of the anal cancer cases detected worldwide, human papillomavirus (HPV) has been detected as a common cause of the disease. A high-level research is in progress to determine if HPV really leads to the development of cancerous cells in the anus or is just a catalyst. Also, research is in progress to analyze the role of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and other disorders in the development of malignant tumors in the anus.
Some of the major causes of anal cancer are infections, injuries, ulcers and unusual bleeding from the anus. Also, unusual discharge from the anus is an early indication of the cell abnormality in the anal areas. Many of the causes and symptoms relating to the anal cancer are quite common in other non-cancerous disorders of the body. Hence, a thorough research of the disease is necessary to interpret the indications correctly. Tumors can of two different types as benign and cancerous. Research helps in understanding the exact nature and behavior of such tumors under varied conditions and helps in classifying them accordingly.
Various diagnosis techniques for anal cancer also come within the scope of research on anal cancer. Some methods like the biopsy, endoanal ultrasound, positron emission tomography (PET) test and computed tomography (CT) scan are consistently cross-checked under various situations to research on their efficiency and reliability. Anal cancer therapies like chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy are the most advanced treatments used today but come with a high number of severe side effects. Research is in progress to use the treatments in the safest way to avoid damage to the internal body of the patient. Also, therapy by chemicals or radiation can be done simultaneously with the surgery to cure cancer in the anus and research on anal cancer helps in judging its viability.
Major outcomes of anal cancer research
Anal sex has come out as one of the major causes of infections and injuries in the anus. Researchers advise to avoid multiple sex partners and have safe sex. Presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the body is a big threat and may assist in the generation of cancerous tumors. Also, smoking and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol have been indirectly related to the disease. Researchers are also exploring on the possibilities of cancer development in the anus due to tobacco chewing but haven't arrived at a specific conclusion yet.
Weak immune system has come out as the biggest disadvantage on the part of the victim. Person with a strong immune system are found to be more tolerant to the cancerous infection as compared to those with a weak immune system. Eating salads, vegetables and fruits is recommended to fulfill the daily requirements of vitamins, proteins and nutrients. Early detection and diagnosis of anal cancer has been considered as a major advantage in treating the cancer completely and minimizing its possibilities of recurrence.
Anal cancer research is very helpful in making the picture of anal cancer clear. It helps in sorting the outdated statistics from the current one and displays the progress of diagnosis techniques and treatments worldwide. Different kinds of treatments and diagnosis pattern are followed in various areas and the research helps to find out the most suitable pattern to follow. Thus, research on anal cancer forms a basis for tackling the disease in future with minimum risk and maximum survival rate.