Anal Cancer Treatment
Cancer » Anal Cancer » Anal Cancer Treatment
Anal cancer treatment is the final step in curing cancer of the anus and the pattern of treatment is usually decided after thorough diagnosis of the tumors. Intensity of the treatment is usually moderate if the cancer is in its initial developmental stages. The severity of the treatment increases with an increase in the intensity and metastasis of tumors.
Dimensions of anal cancer treatment
Anal cancer can be primary or secondary in nature. Primary anal cancer is the one in which the cancerous cells develop in the anus and infect other areas of the victim's body at a later stage. In the secondary anal cancer, the cancerous tumors develop in other organs like kidney, bowel, lungs, liver, abdomen, etc and reach the anus by the process of metastasis.
Treatment and prognosis generally depends upon the nature and origin of the cancerous cells. Also, the tumors formed by the infected cells can be benign or cancerous. Benign tumors are usually less severe and a mild form of treatment is sufficient to control them. They have less chances of regeneration and can be easily eliminated by surgery. Surgery is also the most common form of cancer treatment recommended for cancerous tumors that are primary in nature and restrict themselves to a particular area.
Intensity and tenure of treatment depends upon the nature of cancer and type of tumor. Primary cancer of the anus is easy to treat as compared to the secondary one as the area infected by the cancerous cells is relatively smaller in the primary cancer. Also, treating benign tumors is safer as compared to the cancerous ones. While surgery is the most effective form of cancer treatment for benign tumors formed in the anus, harsh treatments like radiotherapy and chemical therapy are necessary to treat tumors formed by cancerous cells.
Anal cancer is less common in men as compared to women. Also, the disease occurs mostly in adults aged over 45 years and the risk of being prone to the disease increases with age. Thus, the pattern and severity of treatment may also depend upon sex, age and body resistance of the victim.
Another important dimension in anal cancer treatment is the family history of the disease. Persons with a family history of anal cancer are more prone to the disease. Thus, thorough diagnosis of any of the symptoms related to the disease is necessary for efficient and reliable treatment.
Persons who have undergone anal cancer treatment in the past are to be treated differently for the redevelopment of cancerous cells in the anus. Radiation therapy and chemical therapy are recommended for such patients as surgery is not that effective in controlling the recurred tumors.
Pattern of treatment to be advised for a victim also depends on his physical condition and ability to sustain harsh treatments. Usually, people with immune system recover early and have fewer complications in the post-treatment period as compared to those having weak immune system. Smokers and those suffering from human papillomavirus (HPV) carry high chances of redevelopment of cancerous tumors. Hence, a completely different line of treatment has to be given to such patients as their immune system is already weak and more easily prone to development of anal cancer.
Forms of anal cancer treatment
Surgery, radiation therapy and chemical treatment are the three main forms of treatment commonly recommended for patients suffering from cancer of the anus. It is necessary to diagnose the tumors before finalizing on a certain pattern of treatment. Contemporary diagnosis methods like fine needle aspiration biopsy, endoanal ultrasound, proctoscopy, digital rectal exam, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, anoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan are highly advantageous in detecting the nature and pattern of development of the cancerous tumors.
Chances of treating the tumors completely are high in the initial stages of the disease. Radiation therapy and chemical treatment is generally done in the cases where the cell growth becomes uncontrollable and needs to be curbed urgently. These treatments come with considerable side effects and usually control the tumors by killing or burning the cells and tissues in the affected areas.
In chemotherapy, certain chemicals are used to destroy the tumor cells and prevent anal cancer recurrence. Radiotherapy is the treatment in which the tumors are exposed to strong radiations and the affected area is burnt to avoid further generation of cells. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also be done in combination with surgery where there is a possibility of removing tumors completely.
Apart from allopathic treatments, anal cancer can also be treated by Ayurvedic and homeopathic treatments but the output of such methods is gradual as compared to the allopathic ones. But the number of side effects in allopathic treatment is much higher as compared to those in other types.
Anal cancer treatment can be fruitful if the consultation of physician is taken at the right time. It is necessary to analyze the victim's response to a particular treatment before increasing the intensity of the same. Taking wrong treatment can be very dangerous for the body and may cause an irreparable damage to the vital tissues and cells. Breakthroughs in anal cancer can be valuable to make the therapies more reliable.