Anal Cancer Awareness
Cancer » Anal Cancer » Anal Cancer Awareness
Anal cancer awareness is vital to understand the causes and treatment relating to the anal cancer. Cancer is a disease, which mainly occurs due to the unexpected cell behavior. In this disease, the body cells grow uncontrollably and disturb the cell growth mechanism. They also harm the adjacent tissues by intruding and destroying them. These destructive cells spread rapidly to the other parts of the body through the bloodstream and the lymph. Cancer is mainly caused due to the environmental factors or the hereditary genetic causes.
Understanding the anal cancer
The bowel in the human body starts with an opening called as anus and the bowel movements are mainly controlled by the sphincter. Sphincter is a ring of muscles controlling the bowel movements. Anal canal is an area connecting the rectum and the anus and is around 4 cm long. Anal cancer mainly starts in the anus.
Anal is formed partly from the intestine and partly from the skin. Skin surrounding the anus is called as perianal area. Tumors detected in the perianal area must not be confused with the anal cancer as they come under the category of the skin cancer.
Anal cancer causes
Anal cancer awareness cannot be understood thoroughly without knowing the causes for the disease. Following are some of the important anal cancer causes relating to the disease.
It must be understood that getting infected by the HPV doesn't necessarily lead to anal cancer but makes you prone to it. In the United States, around 6 million people suffer from the HPV infection annually but the cases of anal cancer are well below ten thousand. But ninety percent of those suffered from the anal cancer worldwide were HPV infected.
Anal cancer symptoms
Anal cancer early signs and symptoms are easy to find and can be detected quite early. The most important and primary symptom is the bleeding. You must consult your doctor immediately if the anus is bleeding. Ulcers around the anus must be taken seriously as they can spread to the buttocks.
Uneasy movement of the bowels or the discharge of the mucus (jelly like substance) from the anus can also be a good symptom. Anal pain or discomfort also needs the immediate medical attention and can help to detect the anal cancer.
Anal cancer diagnosis
Anal cancer awareness can help you better to understand the various techniques to diagnose the disease. Some of the commonly used techniques are as under.
Anal cancer stages
The disease goes through the various stages and can be treated completely if detected in the early stage. In the first two stages, the cancer normally restricts itself to the anus and doesn't affect or spread to the nearby areas. In the third stage, the cancer spreads to the nearby areas like the lymph, rectum or the organs like the vagina or the bladder. In the fourth stage, the cancer may spread to the other parts of the body including the liver.
Anal cancer treatment
Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the common forms of treatment to control tumors. Surgery can also be done to treat small tumors. In advanced anal cancer stages, surgery can also be done simultaneously with the chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Surgery can be of two types as abdominoperineal resection or the local resection. In the abdominoperineal resection, the anus and the rectum are removed. A local resection surgery is done by removing only the area affected by the cancerous cells. There are many other forms of treatment based on the nature of the anal cancer and its stage. Also, the pattern of treatment may vary from person to person depending upon his abilities to sustain the nature of treatment and his response to the prescribed medicines.
Anal cancer awareness is very helpful in diagnosing and treating the cancer in time. Anal cancer is not a common form of cancer and is detected among only a small number of people worldwide. But it is a type of cancer and can be fatal if the symptoms are taken lightly.