Anal Cancer Prognosis
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Anal cancer prognosis is an important concept to get an idea of an approximate life expectancy of anal cancer patient. The study is quite important in the post-treatment stage and gives a fairly accurate idea about the condition of the victim after a certain time period. Prognosis also talks about the chances of recovery of the victim after he has undergone a particular treatment.
Anal cancer prognosis concept
Prognosis of anal cancer is actually an approximate study of the status and future of the cancerous development of tumors in the anus. The study is done after a thorough analysis of the nature and severity of cancerous cells. The patient's immune system is also one of the several parameters taken into consideration for a reliable prognosis.
Prognosis is a continuous process and comes out with an output based only on the current status of the disease. The study can provide some of the vital information like the pattern in which the cancerous cells may develop, the areas they are about to spread and the damage they can cause to the body cells and tissues in a particular time period.
Anal cancer prognosis also takes into consideration the stage of the cancer, size of the tumor and the pace of metastasis. Pattern of prognosis can be different in the cases of anal cancer recurrence and may require more thorough analysis as compared to those in which the cancerous development has occurred for the first time.
Important parameters for anal cancer prognosis
Health of the victim is the most important parameter in the process of prognosis of anal cancer. The pace and intensity of metastasis of cancerous tumors highly depend on the immune system of the patient followed by the stage in which the tumors were detected and the pattern of treatment taken to cure the same.
High intensity anal cancer therapies like the radiation therapy and therapy by chemicals affect the body cells adversely and decrease the survival period of the victim. Also, some other major causes like the human papillomavirus (HPV), Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases are also considered while calculating prognosis of anal cancer.
Anal cancer is more common in females as compared to males. It usually occurs in adults above 45 years of age and the risk of being prone to the disease increases with age. Study by prognosis depends upon the outcome of some of the major diagnosis techniques like endoscopy, endoanal ultrasound, anoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, proctoscopy, computed tomography (CT) scan, digital rectal exam, ultrasound, fine needle aspiration biopsy and normal biopsy.
Benefits of anal cancer prognosis
Nature of tumors and their origin is also considered while doing anal cancer prognosis. This benefits the patient in resolving his concerns more systematically. He gets more familiar with the causes and symptoms of the cancer of the anus and gets a fair idea about the line of treatment he may have to undergo at a particular stage of the disease. Prognosis is also advantageous to the patient in knowing the estimated time period of recovery and the precautions he need to take in due course to avoid recurrence of cancerous development in the anus.
Anal cancer prognosis is considered as a useful tool in anal cancer research and estimating the overall survival rate of the disease. Anal cancer can be primary or secondary in nature and the tumors can be benign or cancerous. Prognosis is very helpful in giving a fair idea about the projected development of tumors taking into consideration such varied conditions. Thus, this pattern of studying anal cancer is getting popular with times and is very helpful in resolving complicated cases related to cancer in the anus.