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Bladder Cancer Awareness


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The growth in the number of bladder cancer patients has increased as compared to the number of patients within the last decade. Therefore, it has become necessary to spread awareness about 'Bladder Cancer' within the society.

In every individual's body, the bladder works as a body organ which releases and stores the urine. The formation of infectious cells on the tissue of the bladder is called as Bladder Cancer. These infectious cells grow and spread in the body. The bladder is a muscular organ which is hollow and located in the lower abdomen.

Bladder Cancer Awareness

Bladder cancer is one of the most common diseases occurring in industrialized countries. There is no age limit for the occurrence of bladder cancer. There are many treatments to cure bladder cancer, but it is likely that will recur. Hence, the patents ought to undergo follow-up tests for a period of time even if the cancer is cured. Therefore, it is necessary for the patients to take care and take right precautions if they are infected with such a disease.

Most of the people are not aware of how bladder cancer is caused and what are the measures to cure it. Very often it happens that people don't know the symptoms of this disease so they are not aware of how exactly bladder cancer can affect individuals.

Symptoms:

Below are few mentioned symptoms of bladder cancer.

  • Hematuria (blood in the urine)
  • Frequent urination
  • Often urination
  • Paining of the bone in pelvic, anal area
  • Dysuria (pain while urination)

Causes:

To stay away from bladder cancer and to avoid suffering from this disease, it is very necessary for people to know what the causes of bladder cancer are.

Some of the causes of bladder cancer can be stated as below.

  • Tobacco smoking - Smoking of tobacco, citrates, chewing tobacco damages some human body parts because of the nicotine content and other harmful substances present in it.
  • Drinking less than 240ml of water a day - Human body requires certain amount of water content present in the body every time for the smooth functioning of the kidneys. If the required amount of water is not present, then the kidney needs to function twice than its normal functioning which later results into damaging the bladder.
  • Family history - Bladder cancer can be caused because of hereditary result between the parents and their children.
  • Infections - Getting infected with certain parasites can results in creation of bladder cancer in the human body. It usually happens in the tropical areas.
  • Defects in bladder from birth - For some people, there is a defect in their bladder since birth. This can cause bladder cancer after certain period of time.
  • Occupation - Certain occupations often result into bladder cancer because of the carcinogens present at their work place. Such occupations include hairdressers, metal workers, painters, etc.

Types:

Bladder cancer can be classified into two types. Namely,

  • Superficial bladder cancer - In this type of bladder cancer, the tumors involved either does not evade or else they evade but stay superficially deep inside the muscle wall of the bladder.
  • Muscle Invasive bladder cancer - This type of bladder cancer is usually very aggressive because after invading the bladders muscular layer, it can spread and evade the liver, lungs and bones.

Stages:

There are four stages of bladder cancer which could be stated as under,

  • The tumor spreads into the loose tissue which is below the lamina propria , but not into the bladder's wall which is muscular.
  • The tumor enters the muscular wall of the bladder but does not spread to the other parts of the body.
  • The tumor gets entered through the 'Muscularis Proprial' of the bladder and then gets involved with the soft tissues which surrounds the bladder or else the tumor enters into the adjacent organs . At this stage, no other distant organs of the body are involved.
  • The tumor expands out of the bladder and invades the abdominal wall and then it may or may not involve the other distant organs.

Treatment:

There being great development and progress in the field of medicines and curing of diseases, bladder cancer can be cured if taken the correct measures and steps to cure it. To cure the bladder cancer, there are various treatment options, such as

  • Segmental cystectomy
  • Bladder reconstruction surgery
  • (TUR) Transurethral resection with fulgration
  • Urostomy

Diagnosis:

Various types of tests conducted in laboratory and clinics are available. Few of them are mentioned below.

  • IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram)
  • Urinalysis
  • Biopsy
  • Cystoscopy

In recent times, many NGOs and social workers have taken the initiative to spread the awareness and methods to cure the bladder cancer. It is very necessary for people to be aware of this disease in order to recognize the symptoms on time and help to save lives.

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