Bladder Cancer Causes
Cancer » Bladder Cancer » Bladder Cancer Causes
The part of the body which stores and releases urine is called as bladder. The bladder is located in the centre part of the lower belly portion. It is a muscular and hollow organ. There are certain infectious cells which get formed on the tissue of the bladder resulting into bladder cancer. In recent times, the number of bladder cancer patients have increased making it necessary to make people aware about the bladder cancer causes. Support for bladder cancer is generally provided by professional cancer support groups dedicated to cause of bladder cancer victims.
Usually, it is very common that the bladder cancer starts from the cells which line the bladder from inside and is called as transitional cell carcinoma. The tumor spreads resulting into making the cancer severe. Hence it is necessary for the patient to undergo the treatments once the cancer is detected.
Bladder cancer symptoms:
There are certain symptoms which can cause other disorders and diseases as well. Hence a person must consult his doctor when he sees the following signs and symptoms.
- Blood in the urine - The patient can come across a situation where blood is present in his urine. This is a sign indicating that he might be a victim of bladder cancer.
- Painful urination - An individual can find it painful while urinating which is a sign of bladder cancer presence.
- Urinary urgency - Many a times the patient needs to urinate in regular time intervals. He feels the urgency and urge to urinate.
- Abdominal pain - The person fells pain and cramps in his abdomen.
- Urinary incontinence - Sometimes an individual loses his control over his bladder that is he fails to control the urge to
urinate. It results into leakage many a times. This is called as urinary incontinence.
Bladder cancer causes:
- Bladder infection - One of the most obvious reasons for the causing of bladder cancer is bladder infection. The infection can later result into a cancer in the bladder.
- Exposure to certain chemicals at work - About 25% of the people get affected by the bladder cancer because of the exposure to certain chemicals they face at their work place. Such chemicals are called carcinogens. People at risk are the people who have their main occupation as leather workers, aluminum workers, truck drivers, etc.
- Radiation treatment - It is believed that the women who have undergone radiation therapy for the treatment of cervical cancer have less immunity and can get affected by bladder cancer.
- Chemotherapy - The drug which is used in chemotherapy, called as (cytoxan) cyclophosphamide increases the risk of having developed the cancer in the bladder.
- Cigarette smoking - Smoking cigarette is harmful for an individual because of the tobacco and nicotine content in the cigarette. It damages the lungs of an individual. It also increases the risk of adapting the bladder cancer. It is believed that half of the bladder cancer patients get infected because of smoking cigarettes.
On the way they grow, the tumors are classified in the following ways:
- Nonpapillary tumors (sessile): such type of tumors are less common. But they have worst outcome and are more invasive.
- Papillary tumors: They are attached to a stalk and have an appearance which is wart like.
There are also some other nearby areas where bladder cancer can spread. They are mentioned below:
Bladder cancer treatments:
There are many treatment options but they depend on the severity of the symptoms and the overall health and immunity of the patient. Few of the treatment options are stated below:
Bladder cancer Prognosis:
- Surgery of removing the tumor but not the rest of the bladder
- Undergoing chemotherapy and radiation after the surgery in which the part of the bladder is removed
- Before the surgery, the tumor is shrunk by chemotherapy
Once the patient is treated for bladder cancer, the doctor closely monitors the patient which includes the following steps:
It is necessary for any individual to take precautionary measures once he notices the symptoms of bladder cancer. He must immediately contact his doctor for treatments. It is equally important for a person to stay away from the bladder cancer causes to avoid being a victim of the disease.
- Bladder exams after every 3 to 6 months
- CT scans or Bone scans to check if the cancer has not returned
- CBC to monitor for anemia
- If the bladder is not removed, urine analysis needs to be done