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Bladder Cancer Diagnosis


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Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that is formed in the bladder of an individual. The formation of infectious cells on the tissues of the bladder is known as bladder cancer. In recent times, bladder cancer has become one of the most common types of cancer. As a result, there are many bladder cancer diagnosis options available.

Bladder cancer diagnosis: The growth in the number of bladder cancer patients every year has made it necessary for the doctors and researchers to introduce various bladder cancer diagnosis options. Some of the methods of bladder cancer diagnosis are mentioned below.

  • Cystoscopy: The urologists place an instrument which is flexible that consists of a tube which is slender and has light and a lens into an individual's bladder from the urethra to check what the possibilities are of the cancer presence. In olden days, the cystoscopy had to be done with an instrument which is rigid that would cause discomfort. But due to modern technique of treatment, it is much better now.

    Bladder Cancer Diagnosis

  • Urine cytology: This test is carried in order to know whether there are any abnormal cells present in the urine. Urine examination is done to carry out this treatment.

  • Biopsy: During the cystoscopy, the doctors remove the suspicious tissues and analyze them under the microscope to see if there are any signs of bladder cancer. To perform the deep biopsies, the patient can be admitted into the hospital to undergo the treatment.

  • CT Scan: CT scan means a 'computed tomography' scan of the pelvis and abdomen show whether the urinary funnel system is normal or has abnormalities. If the occurrence of cancer is detected, then it also shows how far the cancer has spread beyond the bladder.

  • Intravenous Urography: A dye is injected in the bloodstream by the doctor, that will travel to the ureters, bladder, kidneys and it also these organs would be clearly outlined in the x-rays. The funnel system of the urinary tract is evaluated in this test which helps to know where the blood in urine is originating.

  • Ultrasound: In this method of treatment, sound waves are used to detect whether there is presence of polyps within the bladder

  • MRI Scan: An MRI scan of the pelvis and kidney is done. The MRI help in knowing whether the urinary system is abnormal or normal. If the presence of cancer is seen, it helps to show how it has moved beyond the patient's bladder.

    Possible complications: After treatment or while undergoing treatment for bladder cancer, there are certain complications which can take place. To avoid such complications, it is necessary for a person to know what the complications are. Some of the bladder cancer complications are stated below.

  • Anemia: It is a condition in which there is deficiency of haemoglobin or red cells in the blood which can result into weariness or pallor.

  • Urinary incontinence: It is a situation where the person fails to have a voluntary or insufficient control over his urination or the urinary bladder

  • Hydronephrosis: It is situation when there is swelling in the ureters

  • Urethral stricture: It is the abnormal narrowing of the tube which carries the liquid waste, that is the urine, out of the human body from the bladder

If a person notices any of the bladder cancer symptoms present in him, he should be aware of the bladder cancer diagnosis as well in order to know what should be the next step and must contact his doctor immediately to avoid complications. While undergoing the treatment for bladder cancer, the patient must be aware of the complications that can disturb his treatment methods and create new obstacles. Life expectancy of bladder cancer is expressed in percentage and is taken from the point of bladder cancer diagnosis.

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