Cancer

Blood Cancer


Cancer » Blood Cancer

Blood cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and is detected mainly in the adults. The cancerous cells develop primarily in the bone marrow (tissue present in the interior of our bones) or the bloodstream. Abnormal growth of the WBC (white blood cells) is the main cause of the disease. The cancer is of three main types; multiple myeloma, lymphoma and leukemia. .

Understanding the disease

Blood cancer is a disease in which the cancer cells develop primarily in the bloodstream or the bone marrow. These cancer cells damage the adjacent tissues and disturb the overall cell-growth mechanism. The cells are also known as the tumor cells or the malignant cells. The cells form a tumor in the places they spread and lead to the malfunctioning of the organs.

Every tissue in our body performs a specific function and is vital for the smooth functioning of the organs. If the tissue gets malfunctioned and is not able to perform its role efficiently, there is an immediate and definite impact on the organs concerned with the tissue. In this disease, the cancer cells develop in the blood-forming tissues.

Blood Cancer

The blood-forming tissues develop various kinds of blood cells. The two important types of blood cells are the WBC (white blood cells) and the RBC (red blood cells). WBC plays an important role in fighting infections while the RBC is the oxygen carriers to the body tissues. In this cancer, the white blood cells behave abnormally and make your body highly prone to infections and other diseases. It also damages the immunity system of your body. While the red blood cells are not able to perform their function of carrying oxygen to the body tissues. To be specific, the cancer cells replace the normal cells and prevent the tissues from performing their functions.

Leukemia is the most common type of this cancer and can be acute or chronic. In acute leukemia, the cancer cells spread rapidly and the disease develops quickly. The cancer cells spread slowly in chronic leukemia. It is further classified into four main types as-

  • Chronic myeloid- Mainly detected in adults and affects the myeloid cells
  • Chronic lymphocytic- Occurring mostly in the adults above 55 years and very rarely detected in children
  • Acute myeloid- Detected in both children and adults
  • Acute lymphocytic- Most common leukemia detected in children
  • Chronic myeloid- Mainly detected in adults and affects the myeloid cells

In the multiple myeloma, the plasma cells get infected by the cancerous cells. Plasma cells play an important role in producing antibodies for our body. Lymphoma is a condition in which the cancerous cells infect the lymphatic cells. Make yourself safe.

There can be various causes leading to the development of blood cancer. If you make yourself aware of the causes, you can considerably reduce the risk of getting prone to the disease.

A weak immune system is the primary cause of the disease. You need to have a balanced diet and regular exercise to keep yourself fit and healthy. Eating fruits, vegetables and salad regularly will be advantageous to maintain your health.

Smoking is another important cause of the disease. Also, consistent exposure to harmful radiations like those caused due to the atomic bomb explosions will increase the chances of getting prone to the disease. Exposure to benzene can also be very harmful and thus, one needs to be careful while working in a chemical factory or any other areas where benzene is used widely.

Family history, genetic disorders or blood disorders may also lead to the cancer. Infections and weak immunity system is another important cause of the disease. Age is one of the key factors in occurrence of the disease as the cancer is detected mainly in the adults.

Weakness and breathlessness are some of the primary symptoms of the disease. Bone pain, weight loss, abdominal pain or back pain must be taken seriously and a good physician must be consulted at the earliest. Also, frequent vomiting and difficulty in urination need to be diagnosed carefully. People suffering from blood cancer need not fear and lose hope. The disease is curable if detected in its early stages. Various techniques are available to diagnose and treat the disease. CT (Computed Tomography) scan, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), X-rays and biopsy are some of the popular techniques to detect the type and intensity of the cancer.

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