Blood Cancer Stages
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Blood cancer stages are divided like the stages of any other cancer. They are ranked from stages 1 to 4. Of which stage 4 is the highest extent of the cancer. By staging the cancer, the estimation of the patient's survival can be determined.
Importance of Blood Cancer Stages
As we know now that blood cancer or cancer in general help categorize the extent of the spread of cancer in the body of the affected person. Other than this, there are other reasons that cancer is divided in to stages
Blood Cancer Stages
This is the initial stage. In this stage, an invasion of the tumor cells is not present, usually in the surrounding tissue. This is termed as carcinoma in situ. Carcinoma is a nasty tumor that commences in the surface of the epithelium of a particular organ. At this stage, there are too many lymphocytes which are present in the blood. There is no visible sign of cancer. The cancer will start growing but at a very slow rate.
This is the stage which is more intense than stage 0. Here too, the lymphocyte count in the blood is very high. However, in this stage, the lymph nodes are enlarged. The organ like the spleen and liver are not damaged or enlarged in this stage. The count of the red blood cells and the platelets is almost normal.
This stage becomes more severe than stage 0 and 1 of the blood cancer. Here too, the lymphocytes are high in their count. The lymph nodes are already enlarged in stage 1 in some cases. In this stage, the spleen and the liver get enlarged. This enlargement of the spleen and liver may or may not be accompanied by the enlargement of the lymph nodes. The count of the red blood cells and the platelets are still almost normal.
As stages progress, the severity of the cancer increases, hence, this stage is more severe than stages 0, 1 and 2. In this stage, the patient begins to develop anemia. This is because very few red blood cells remain. The number of lymphocytes in the blood is still too high. In this stage, the patient may or may not have an enlarged spleen or liver. He also may or may not have enlarged lymph nodes. The number of red blood cells decrease but the platelet count is still almost normal.
This is the last stage of blood cancer and is the most severe stage. The count of the lymphocytes present in the blood continues to be very high. Now, the patient may or may not have anemia but the count of his platelets becomes very low. The enlargement of the liver and / or spleen may or may not be there.
Stage 0 is the low risk category; stages 1 and 2 are the stages the need attention and are considered to be at intermediate risk. The last two stages, stages 3 and 4 are the one that need immediate attention; they are considered to be high risk stages. Blood cancer early signs should be cross-checked thoroughly under medical supervision.
The stages of cancer are calculated by different methods. Even if the cancer staging methods are different, the characteristics of cancer that determine the basis of the stages still remain the same. If you are in any of the blood cancer stages, you must seek immediate medical help. Even if the doctor asks you to wait for the cancer to develop a little further, you must not panic. He does his best to give you an appropriate treatment. Surgery is highly feasible in primary or initial blood cancer stages. Having blood cancer is not the end of life. Look at it as an opportunity to cherish your life even more! Bonnie Vie!