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Blood Cancer Early Signs


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Blood cancer's early signs vary depending upon the type of blood cancer that you have. Blood cancer is not just one type of cancer, it is a term used to relate to various types of cancers. The three major types of blood cancers include leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.

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Blood Cancer Early Signs - Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of blood cancer which affects your white blood cells. Once a cancerous cell gets produced, it rapidly multiplies itself and does not mature and die. It begins to accumulate in the body , especially the bone marrow and prevents it from performing its normal functions. Leukemia is found in various types, namely, Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Out of these, ALL is most commonly found, especially among children. Even if it is difficult to detect this early, here are some symptoms of blood cancer.

  • The most common symptoms of this disease include fever, night sweats, tiredness, fatigue, weight loss and loss of appetite. Even so, we must remember that cancer may not be the only reason for this, there can be some other illness too.
  • SVC syndrome can be very dangerous. This occurs when the superior vena cava (SVC) get pressed. This happens when the thymus gland get enlarged due to a type of leukemia. The symptoms of SVC syndrome is trouble breathing, coughing etc. pay immediate attention to this ass it can be life threatening.
  • When leukemia cells start accumulating in the liver and the spleen, you may experience enlarged liver and spleen or may feel a swelling in the belly.
  • The bone marrow is located inside the soft spongy cores of the bones. Due to the accumulation of cancer cells in the bone marrow, you may experience bone pain.

Blood Cancer Early Signs - Lymphoma

Blood Cancer Early Signs Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer which affects your plasma cells. Plasma cells are responsible for the creation of antibodies which protect the body from invasions. These cancerous cells flow through the lymphatic system and will spread through the whole body. Lymphoma can be divided into two types, Hodgkin's lymphoma and Non- Hodgkin's lymphoma. In the United States, Non- Hodgkin's lymphoma is more commonly found. The symptoms of this disease may or may not appear early. However, the symptoms that can appear include:

  • You or people around you may begin noticing swelling on your body where the lymph nodes are nearing the surface of the body. These areas are areas like the underarms, sides of the neck, the groin, etc.
  • If lymphoma occurs in the belly, it can cause swelling of the belly or a feeling of fullness
  • If lymphoma occurs in the intestines, you may experience swelling, blocked bowel movement, nausea, vomiting and sever pain in the area.
  • General symptoms of lymphoma are similar to that of leukemia. Symptoms include fever, sudden weight loss. Night sweats can be so heavy that your clothes may get soaked in it. These general symptoms are usually linked to the faster growing cancer.

Blood Cancer Early Signs - Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is considered to be irreversible. This is a disease that will affect the white blood cells in your bone marrow. It is detected by high protein in the blood during a blood test. In cases of multiple myeloma, generally symptoms fail to appear early. However, the patient may experience the following symptoms:

  • Bone pain. Myeloma creates some substance which makes the bone dissolve. The cells that create new bones in the body do not get hinted about these dissolving bones. Hence no new bone is created so that it can replace this broken bone. These areas become painful. Most common areas are the skull, the back bone and the hip bone.
  • As the bones in the body are being dissolved by the myeloma cells, these dissolving bones release a high amount of calcium in the blood. This excessive calcium can prevent the kidneys from functioning. You may experience a lot of thirst and urination.
  • You may experience low blood count as the myeloma cells replace normal blood cells. These low blood cells will include all three types of blood cells, i.e., red blood cells, white blood cells and the platelets.
  • If you have myeloma you will catch infections very frequently as the myeloma cells replace you white blood cells.

If you any of the blood cancer early signs, report it to the doctor immediately. It may not necessarily be cancer but if it is, it's best to have is detected early. This will ensure a more fruitful treatment and a possible cure. Remember, do not lose hope as you will need it to fight this deadly disease and survive it. Take care of yourself, good luck!

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