Brain Cancer Diagnosis
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Brain cancer is a type of cancer in which the malignant tissues attack the cells of the brain and develops a tumor. This cancer arises from primary blood cells and attacks the membranes, nerves and other tissues. A medical study conducted in the United States shows that more than 2,00,00 are diagnosed of brain cancer every year. Brain cancer diagnosis process is designed mainly on the basis of brain cancer early signs detected in the victim and their location as well as intensity. The causes of this cancer are unknown and have become a serious topic of research for the scientists worldwide.
Various breakthroughs of brain cancer can play an important role in timely brain cancer diagnosis. This cancer is of a serious type and can prove to be life threatening if proper steps are not taken to cure it. Then this cancer spreads to other parts of the body through the bloodstream. Due to damage the brain finds it very difficult to understand signals and so the person finds it very difficult to maintain the equilibrium of body and starts losing the sensation. Effective process of brain cancer diagnosis is extremely important as it acts as a base for the treatment of this disease. Brain cancer diagnosis varies according to the nature, characteristics and symptoms of the disease.
Some of the symptoms of brain cancer are:
Causes of brain cancer:
Some of the brain cancer indirect causes include smoking, tobacco consumption and alcohol consumption. Other causes include extensive usage of cell phones, HIV infection, working in companies such as oil refineries, petroleum companies and chemical industries. It can also be caused due to consumption of toxic substances and drugs.
Treatment of brain cancer:
Treatment of brain cancer depends upon the nature, characteristics, symptoms and diagnosis of the disease. Treatment includes various surgeries, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, proton beam radiation therapy and laser therapies.
Brain cancer diagnosis:
Brain cancer life expectancy is based mainly on the timing of brain cancer diagnosis and is important to judge chances of recovery of victim. Brain cancer diagnosis depends upon the characteristics, symptoms and causes of the disease. Performing a CT scan is considered as the first step for brain cancer diagnosis. Other tests include several blood tests, X-rays, MRI scans etc. Other tests like angiogram, myelogram, biopsy, skull x-ray, angiogram etc. are also conducted in the advanced stages. If some complications are observed, the surgeon performs needle biopsy and stereotactic biopsy. Tissue samples of these tests are taken and shown to neurosurgeons and neurologists.
Detailed explanation of Brain cancer diagnosis:
In biopsy, the malignant tissues are discovered and are removed from the brain. These tissues are examined under the microscope with the help of some chemicals. Surgical margin of this tissue is examined and then it is classified under negative margins and clear margins. Biopsy helps to determine whether the cancer is of benign type or malign type. If the cancer has spread to other parts of body than various biopsies such as lung biopsy, liver biopsy, prostrate biopsy and urogenital biopsy are performed to determine the spread of this cancer.
MRI scan is also recommended in the diagnosis procedure of brain cancer as it helps to detect the brain cancer nature and also helps in understanding the brain coverings and cerebrospinal fluid spaces. After checking all the reports of this, scan of the person is sent to the specialist for the chemotherapeutic treatment of the brain tumor.
In this procedure the skull opened and the biopsy procedure is performed. This is the most commonly practiced procedure for detecting brain cancer. Stereotactic biopsy:- This process is generally difficult to perform as several tests are needed to be done before. It is performed only when the tumor is not detected in the radiation therapy and if it is not accessible.
Routine laboratory tests:
Routine laboratory tests are also performed which include several blood tests, blood coagulation, electrolytes tests and liver functional tests. If complications arise during this diagnosis, then tumors are analyzed with the help of the screening tests. If the tumor is large in size and is difficult to remove, pieces of the tumor are cut and taken for diagnostic testing.
Thus, the above article emphasizes on all important information related to brain cancer diagnosis. It also focuses on symptoms, causes and treatment of this disease. Victims should take advantage of various awareness for cancer programs to understand well different methods of brain cancer diagnosis and therapies.