Cancer detection is the most complicated but important job in curing the disease properly. In many cases, the cancer is detected in very advanced stages because of ignoring the indications given by the organs or areas infected by abnormal cells. Hence, it is very important to know the most feasible and practical methods of detecting cancerous development of cells in the body.
Concept of cancer detection
Cancer is one of the most complicated diseases and needs a thorough diagnosis to confirm the presence of malignant cells. Most of the symptoms seen in the initial stages of cancer are quite subtle and common with many other body disorders that are not necessarily cancerous.
Even the tumors can be of cancerous and non-cancerous type. Benign tumor is the most common form of non-cancerous tumor. It doesn't have the tendency to metastasize and is not indulged in spreading infection. Usually, it restricts itself to a particular area. Benign tumors should not be confused with the cancerous ones though they appear quite similar to the malignant tumors. Treating benign tumors is easy and they rarely redevelop.
Cancerous tumors are the ones who metastasize and spread the cancerous infection rapidly. They may affect many vital parts of the body. Simultaneously, they force the live and healthy body tissues and cells to behave abruptly.
Detection of cancer is actually the detection of such abnormal cells formed during the generation of cancerous tumors. These abnormal cells spread to various parts of the body through lymph nodes and the bloodstream. Detection deals with finding the exact origin of such cells and the impact they have caused to the body.
Aspects of cancer detection
Cancer detection is a continuous process and a regular health examination is necessary to keep a track on the cell behavior. Usually, the cells do not show any tendency to divide and multiply uncontrollably in the initial stages but they may do so rapidly as the intensity of cancerous infection increases. Hence, tracking cell behavior is one of the most vital aspects of the detection of cancer.
Detection of cancer also depends upon the age of the victim. Most of the cancers occur in adults above 45 years of age and the threat of being prone to the disorder increases with age. Also, some of the cancers like prostate, penile and uterine cancers are gender-specific and the detection techniques need to be planned accordingly.
The process of detecting cancer is closely related to the habits and lifestyle of a person. Some habits like smoking and excess alcohol consumption lead to many other body disorders like abdominal pains, inefficient functioning of liver, breathing problems and difficulties in swallowing and digesting food. Ignoring such health problems for a long time may result into development of cancerous cells in the abdomen, lungs, liver or any other vital organs of the body. Thus, such habits need to be considered seriously while designing a proper detection process.
Personal and family history of cancer is also another important aspect of detecting cancer cells. Medical history of the disease makes a person highly susceptible to the cancerous infection and any abnormalities in the body should be thoroughly scanned for the presence of malignant tumors.
Guide to cancer detection
Detection of cancer can be done in various ways and usually depends on the stage in which the cancerous tumors are traced. Basic methods like X-rays, ultrasound, CT (Computed Tomography) scan, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan and biopsy are quite efficient in detecting the tumors in the initial stages.
Some of the advanced tumor detection techniques like endoscopy, DRE (Digital Rectal Exam), endo-anal ultrasound, fine needle aspiration biopsy, colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy are used to detect tumors in specific areas like rectum, anus, abdomen, lungs, etc.
Some of the basic symptoms of cancer include inefficient functioning of the digestive system, unexpected weight loss, considerable loss of appetite, formation of lump in the internal or external areas of the body, infections and ulcers that do not heal by normal medication and frequent back pains. These indications can be related to various types of cancers and a thorough diagnosis of such symptoms is very important.
Initiating the process of detection of cancerous cells in the early stages increases the chances of curing the malignant infection completely. It also helps in minimizing the risk of recurrence of malignant tumors. Detection of cancer becomes easier if the victim gives due consideration to the symptoms well in time and consults a cancer specialist to decide upon the further course of action.
Cancer detection is very important to predict the extent of damage the cancerous cells may cause to the body. A proper and reliable treatment can be planned only when the presence of cancerous tumors is confirmed. Cancer treatments can be of various forms such as radiation and chemical therapy and surgery. Prescribing a particular kind of treatment largely depends upon when the tumors are detected. Thus, detection of cancer must be treated seriously and even the slightest of the symptoms should be given due attention.