Cancer prognosis is vital to predict the performance of a specific type of cancer in the near future. The facts and figures obtained through prognosis are very important to calculate the survival rate and life expectancy with respect to various forms of cancer. Cancer can be of various forms and each one is different in many ways. Thus, prognosis should be done using the latest calculation methods and scientific techniques to make it more reliable and practical.
Meaning and significance of cancer prognosis
Prognosis for cancer is a kind of statistical report that gives information about the future course of cancer considering a wide number of possible variations. These variations can be universal or limited to a specific geographic location. It puts a light on the chances of recovery of the cancer victim and tries to predict the chances of regeneration of cancer cells in his body. Prognosis report is very helpful in planning a proper cancer treatment for the patient as it is drafted taking into consideration the conditions specifically applicable to a particular patient or a group of patients experiencing almost similar cancer symptoms and undergoing similar treatment patterns.
Cancer prognosis also plays a guiding role in cancer research and helps to look out for the loopholes in the current patterns of treatment. Prognosis of cancer is a continuous process and the figures may vary from time to time. Any major cancer breakthrough may put a positive or negative impact on the prognosis process.
Factors affecting cancer prognosis
Cancer prognosis process can be reliable and practical only when the facts and figures are obtained by properly studying the nature and intensity of the probable deviations that may impact the findings directly or indirectly.
Age is one of the important deciding factors for prognosis of cancer. Cancer occurs usually in adult age and the people above 45 years are more prone to it as compared to young people. Hence, the prognosis may vary with age and the rate of survival generally decreases with an increase in age. This is because a person tends to experience more health complications in old age and treating them becomes increasingly difficult.
Sex of the victim is another major factor to be considered during prognosis of cancer. Some cancers like breast, endometrial, uterine, vaginal and ovarian occur only in females. Other forms of cancer like prostate and penile occur only in males. Thus, the pattern of prognosis has to be very different in such cases as the gender-specific complications needs to be taken into consideration.
Personal history of cancer can be a big variation while calculating prognosis for the disease. People with medical background of cancer treatment are highly prone to cancer recurrence and thus, the survival rate is lower as compared to those suffering from the infection for the first time. Family history of cancer can also put a person at disadvantage as the disease is hereditary and may transfer from one generation to another. Such factors need to be studied properly before finalizing a prognosis report.
Cancer breakthroughs can be good contributors to the process of prognosis. Cancer research is being conducted on a continuous basis to explore new ways to detect, diagnose and treat cancer. Use of latest and contemporary techniques makes the process of cancer detection simpler and help in treating the disease better. This directly influences the survival rate and life expectancy of cancer patients and may alter the prognosis of cancer.
Health of the person is another important variant to be taken into account for proper prognosis of cancer. Weak immune system is responsible for some of the major disorders in the body and paves way for rapid generation of malignant cells. This directly affects the chances of survival of the cancer patient and decreases the life expectancy rate. Strong immune system can be highly beneficial to prevent the occurrence as well as recurrence of malignant tumors and help to achieve better prognosis figures.
Cancer type and the location of its origin play an important role in determining the survival rate of the victim. Some cancers spread rapidly and metastasize at a high rate. Cancers originating in some of the vital organs like lungs, bowel, bladder, head and neck areas, abdomen, bone and skin are more dangerous and may infect many other vital organs in a considerably short period. This may severely damage some of the important body organs and permanently affect the overall functioning of the body. This directly influences the prognosis rate and makes the calculations more complicated.
Cancer prognosis is very important to understand as it directly reflects the efficiency and reliability of the treatment to be undergone. It also helps a cancer patient to choose the right kind of treatment and to undergo the most suitable cure pattern for a type of cancer. It gives an idea about the seriousness of the disease and the future course it may take. Thus, the victim gets a clear picture about the intensity of the infection. Cancer detection techniques and sample surveys form an important part of prognosis process and should be implemented in a planned manner.