Cancer

Cervical Cancer Cure

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Cervical cancer or cancer of the cervix is a common disease characterized as abnormal cell growth in the tissues of the cervix. Cervix is vital in fertility as it is the narrow canal at the lower end of the uterus, where the fetus grows during pregnancy. Cervix further leads to the vagina, which is a birth canal of the infant.

The disease develops gradually and before the cancerous cell growth in the cervix, a few changes in the cervix cells occur to cause abnormal cells grow in the cervix tissue. Then, gradually the cancerous cell growth begins in the cervix lining and more deeper layers.

There are various risk factors associated with the problem and the most usual amongst them is human papilloma virus infection, which is a sexually transmitted disorder. Also, just like other cancers, cervical cancer cure brings good hopes of survival at early stages of the cancerous growth. Hence, any abnormal symptoms should be considered for cervix cancer diagnosis.

Cure of the Cervical Cancer:

The cure for the cervical cancer mainly depends upon the stages of the disease. The treatment becomes rigorous and repetitive if the stage progresses to stage IV, wherein the cancerous cell growth spreads to the lower vagina and beyond the pelvis extends to involve the mucous of bladder.

Extensive screening and tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis of the disease and also the stage, to make sure the approach of the cure is appropriate. On a broader view, cure of the cancer of the cervix is directed in a way to first arrest the precancerous growth of the lesions in the cervical region. In case, the precancerous stage progresses to cancerous cells, then different types of treatment or cure is provided involving major surgeries.

Types of Cures for Cervical Cancer:

Precancerous cure to abnormal lesions found in the outer layer of the cervix is a promising way to address the problem to make sure the condition is soon under control, and a patient may not even need follow-ups or has recurrent episodes of such abnormal lesions appearing in the cervix. Also, pre-cancerous cure is important as the patient is at danger of advancing to cancer, thereby at a risk of losing the reproductive organ. Following are some of the pre-cancerous cure for cervical tumor:

  • Cone Biopsy - If the abnormal lesions growth is in small area, then it may be removed through the help of cone biopsy. This technique uses scalpel, a surgical instrument to remove body tissues. A cone-shaped tissue is removed from the affected area, showing abnormal lesions.
  • LEEP (Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure) - This technique also directs towards the removal of cancerous or pre cancerous lesions through the use of a looped wire carrying current passed through the cervix to remove the abnormal cells.

  • Cryosurgery - This technique uses an instrument to freeze the abnormal cells in the cervix region till they are destroyed.

  • Laser Surgery - Laser therapy or surgery involves the use of a laser, an intense beam of light to make non-invasive cuts and remove cervical lesions.

Other than the precancerous treatment approach, aggressive approach to treat the cancerous growth is vital to improve the condition of the person and offer better cervical cancer life expectancy. Following are the cure options for the cancerous cell growth that extends from the cervix region to the uterus, rectum, and the surrounding area.

  • Hysterectomy - This surgery aims at removal of the cancerous growth, from uterus, cervix, and vagina. The surgery may be named as total hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy or abdominal hysterectomy depending upon the incision made through, abdomen, or vagina to remove the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes or even lymph nodes in the close region. However, after this surgery a patient my not become pregnant.

  • Pelvic Exenteration - This is a surgical treatment for the cancer of the cervix, and aims at removal of the rectum, lower colon, bladder, cervix, ovaries and vagina. However, after the removal of the organs, another surgical arrangement is made for the excretion of stool and urine. Also, another cancer cervical surgery may be required to make artificial vagina in the patient.

  • Radiation Therapy - As the name suggests, this therapy uses the radiations or high-energy rays as x-rays to kill the cancerous cells present in the pelvic region. The radiation therapy may further be classified as external radiation therapy or internal radiation therapy. In the former, radiation releasing machine is placed outside the body while the radiations are directed to the affected area. In an internal radiation therapy, the radiations are sealed in wires, needles or catheters placed into vagina or the cancer-affected area to kill the cancerous growth. However, the type of the radiation therapy is decided upon considering the factors such as cancer stage and area affected.

  • Chemotherapy - This is also an advanced technique like radiation therapy to treat cervical cancer. The technique involved is injecting anti-cancerous medicines that help to kill the cancerous cells or to arrest them from dividing and spreading over other organs. The medicines may be taken orally or through intravenous injections, in a systemic type that affects the whole bloodstream of the body or the regional chemotherapy that affects the cancerous cells in the affected area or organ.

Cancer of the cervix is a concern for women all over the world and so is the cervical cancer cure. Cervical cancer affects the cervix tissues and the pelvic organs such as vagina and uterus in nearby area. As in any other type cancer, an early detection of cervical cancer offers better life expectancy through cervix cancer cure. There may be precancerous cure to arrest the abnormalities from advancing and causing cancerous growth. Laser therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and hysterectomy are some of the available cures available for the condition. However, the suitability of a treatment depends upon various factors such as age, wish of fertility, stage of the cancer, and health condition of the patient. Research is continuing to seek a more advanced treatment for the cervical cancer that offers more promising results even in the advanced stages.

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