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Cervical Cancer Prevention

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Cervical cancer is a life-threatening cancer as like other types of cancers and around 5000 women die of cervical cancer only in America. The figure is going on increasing and the measures to prevent the cancer at first place should be entertained all over the world. Cervical cancer awareness programs are contributing a lot to this factor.

However, a lot more still remains to be done. Cervical cancer prevention is definitely possible as it is amongst the most preventable cancer type. Nevertheless, routine screening for cancer at regular intervals and correct age are vital for this. Regular screening can help detect the stage 0 of the cancer, where the tumor is not of malignant nature and can be easily treated with surgical removal.

The preventive measures of cervical cancer even include a few other simple steps such as avoiding the risk factors of getting the cancer and thereby reducing the total number of cases of cancer patients and also the consequent mortality rate.

Ways to Prevent Cervix Cancer:

Although, not all risk factors of cancer of the cervix may be avoided, some of them can certainly be and this will help in the low incidents of cervical cancer. Following are a few normal lifestyle changes and preventive medications to keep away the risk factors linked with the disorder:

  • HPV Infection Vaccine - Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is a very significant cause amongst the cervix cancer causes identified to trigger the cancer of the cervix. This virus is transferred during the vaginal sexual intercourse. Not all HPV virus strains are linked with cervical cancer but the types identified may be prevented through vaccinations such as gardasil and cervarix. This vaccination is beneficial only as a preventive measure and not as a cervical cancer cure. The vaccination is effective only before the infection appears. The girls between the age group 9-26 are eligible for the vaccination.

  • Smoking - Smoking is a risk factor for many cancers. Tobacco in the cigarette causes the harmful effect. Cervical cancer is also linked with smoking as a risk factor as smoker women are at double risk of developing this cancer than a non-smoker woman as per the research studies carried for identifying the risk factors of cervical cancer.

  • Sexual Partner - Women, involved in sexual intercourse with multiple partners are at higher risk of getting cervical cancer. Even having sexual contacts with a person, who has multiple sex partners may elevate the risk factor of acquiring HPV infection and further leading to cervical cancer. So, restricting to a single sexual partner is a preventive measure. Also, while sexual intercourse use of condoms gives you protection from sexually transmitted diseases and HPV infection.

  • Pap Smear Test - A regular Pap test in women of age group 18-35 or those who have become sexually active before 18 shall also start taking the pap test, within a year of becoming sexually active. Pap test is the primary factor that helps in preventing the incidents of cervical cancer as it is the most accurate test to read any abnormal cell growth in the cervix region, before even it gets malignant. Hence, for women, who had irregular Pap test results need to do appropriate follow up to arrest progression of the abnormal growth by proper treatment.

  • Nutrition - Just as other factors contribute to prevent the development of cancerous cells in the cervix region, nutrition also plays a vital role. As per studies carried out to analyze the role of nutrition in preventing cervical cancer, it was established that vitamin A, C and E in sufficient amount of body are capable of fighting HPV infection. Also, adequate quantity of vitamins in the body is important to keep the body healthy and fit to fight abnormalities more effectively than a man with lower immune can. Cervical cancer is a malignant growth in the cervix region that may be life threatening. Thousands of women die of this disease and thousand others lose their reproduction ability even though their lives are saved. This dangerous disease is well preventable through various means.

Cervical cancer prevention involves a couple of changes, which may be lifestyle changes or dietary changes. However, there are a few risk factors that are beyond human control such as genetic factor. Nevertheless, lifestyle changes such as having nutrition-rich diet, giving up smoking and having a single sex partner are effective to control the incidence of cervical cancer. Also, diagnostic examinations such as Pap test are crucial to help prevent this disease, as it detects the early abnormality and helps treat it before it worsens. Vaccination for HPV has shown promising results in preventing cervical cancer.

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