Cervical Cancer Prognosis
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Cervical cancer treatments are doing well to positively affect the prognosis of the disease. However, the most vital factor that affects cervical cancer prognosis is the stage of the cancer at the time of the diagnosis followed by the health of the patient.
At the early stage, the disease is considered as a completely treatable condition with variety of treatment techniques in a single or combined pattern. As per the statistical reports, if the treatment for the cervical cancer begins at the early stage, then the 5-years survival rate is seen in around 92% patients.
In case, the treatment begins at the stage II or IIA then the prognosis decreases by some percent and around 55-65% people survive with treatment. The percentage goes on to decrease and around 10-15% people may be alive for 5 years if diagnosed at advanced stage such as stage III or IV.
Prognosis Factors of Cervical Cancer:
Many scientists are continuing the studies to find out the clinical outcome of cervical cancer and the prognostic factors related to patients so as to understand the methods to improve the prognosis of the disease and reduce the mortality rate. Following are common prognostic factors established as closely related to improve the 5-year survival rate in many of the patients:
- Stage - Stage of the cancer, when the patient is diagnosed with it is a primary factor to decide prognosis of the disease. However, a person diagnosed with cervical cancer at the same stage as another, may have a different prognosis depending on the other supportive prognostic factors.
The best prognosis percent, greater than 90, is seen in patients who are diagnosed and begin treatment at the stage 0 or I of cervical cancer. The percentage keeps decreasing with the advancement in the stage of the disease.
- Tumor Size - Size of the tumor and the location of the tumor growth also contributes to decide the outlook of the disease. If the treatment begins early with a smaller tumor with less volume and grade, then doctors may find it easy to treat the tumor by removing or destroying it successfully while also arresting its recurrence, thereby offering a better life expectancy of cervical cancer.
- Organs Involved - The organs involved in the cancerous growth also are important to analyze the prognosis of the disease. Even though, the cancerous growth may not be much invasive, but if the tumor has spread to surrounding organs such as uterus, and vagina, then the outlook drops dramatically, as the treatment of local tumor is more easy that treat tumor that has spread distantly.
- Treatment Technique - The type of technique used may also play an important role to decide the prognosis of the patient in cervical cancer. Usually, surgical removal is preferred in early stages, but if the patient is not eligible for surgery then the prognosis may drop significantly.
However, research studies state that in advanced stages of the disease, radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy with certain medications such as cisplatin are effective to improve the 5-year survival rate in most of the women.
- Age - Age of the patient and her overall health conditions are also important to have a better outlook of the disease with treatment. A patient with strong immune and healthy body is more likely to respond well to the treatment than one without these factors.
- Race - In general women may be able to survive for 5 years after the diagnosis of the cervical cancer with proper treatment and management, but African-American women usually, tend to fall short of the average 5 year survival rate and may die before 5 years after diagnosis. Nevertheless, advancement in the research and appropriate treatment prognosis has grown well for the African-American women as in the American, and European women.
Cervix cancer is a challenge for the researchers in terms of better treatment techniques and promising life expectancy. Cervical cancer prognosis or its outlook is best when treated at the early stage. However, this is not the only factor affecting the survival rate.
There are certain other factors into consideration to decide the success of the treatment, the recurrence risk and the quality of life delivered after the treatment. Prognosis may even differ from individual to individual.
Net to the stage of the cancer, patient's age, health and race matter to decide the survival chances after treatment. Cervical cancer research work has established that combination of multiple techniques to treat the condition is vital in assuring the 5-year survival rate in a cervical cancer patient.