Cervix Cancer Surgery

Cancer » Cervical Cancer » Cervical Cancer Surgery

Cervical cancer is a leading cause of most of the deaths due to cancer in the United States. It is next to breast cancer in the row to cause maximum deaths in women suffering from this disease. The malignant cancer may be restricted till the outer layer surface of the cervix or go deeper to affect other organs such as vagina, uterus and bladder.

There is no oral or liquid medicine for the disease. However, therapies, operations and radiation treatments are various options available for the management of cervical cancer. However, surgery is not the first choice and moreover, it depends on the development and scattered growth of the cancer. If it is in a restricted region i.e. in the cervix and uterus, surgery may be considered for promising results.

Also, surgical treatment may involve an invasive surgery or a non-invasive surgery. In the early stages, non-invasive surgeries remove the tumor growth while making every effort to curb the instance of recurrence of cervical cancer.

Factors to Consider Before Cervical Cancer Surgery:

There are various types of surgeries and also a few other techniques to treat cervical cancer. Although, surgery is the preferred option in case of an initial stage of cancer, where the tumor or malignancy has not spread beyond the outer layer of the cervix or has not affected much of the cervix and any other organ than a slight part of the uterus. The surgery may be invasive to remove the complete uterus and hamper the reproduction capability of the body. Hence, the area affected, the invasion of the tumor, the wish to conceive in future and age, contribute towards the decision of surgery. The other options for treatment may involve radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Surgeries to Treat Cervical Cancer:

  • Laser Surgery - This surgery is effective during the early stages of cervical cancer and is one of the non-invasive techniques. The technique involves the use of narrow laser beams to kill the tumor cells on the affected area.

  • Cryosurgery - This is also a non-invasive surgery that uses the freezing technique directed at the tumor and for this a surgeon uses metal instrument frozen with the use of liquid nitrogen in the cervix and then the cooled metal sheet kills or destroys the abnormal tumor cells. Such a surgery is effective during the stage 0 of cervical cancer.

  • Conization - This is also called as cone-biopsy. This is a slight invasive surgery, which can be done at your physician's office or in the operation theatre under local anesthesia. Doctor may make use of a surgical instrument such as laser knife to remove a cone-shaped wedge of tissues in the cervix that contain tumor growth. Such a process when performed with the use of an electrical wired loop, it is termed as loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP).

  • Simple Hysterectomy - Amongst the above mentioned surgeries this is the most invasive surgery and may be termed differently according to the procedure of surgery followed. This surgery is performed as an inpatient surgery and a patient is administered under general or local anesthesia.

A simple hysterectomy surgery removes complete uterus and the cervix. However, after this surgery a woman cannot have children. If the incision is done through vagina to remove uterus and cervix, then the surgery is termed as vaginal hysterectomy and if the incision is made in the abdomen, then it is termed as abdominal hysterectomy.

However, in any of these types, any of the lymph nodes are not removed and also the vagina is kept intact.

  • Radical Trachelectomy - Radical trachelectomy is an enhanced surgery to remove uterus with cervix along with a vaginal part, and lymph nodes in the surrounding region. The surgery may aim at the removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes as per the cancerous growth detected in the region. The plus point with this surgery is that a woman can have children even after the surgery as the uterus is only removed till the surgery and again re-attached to the top of the vagina. However, there may be little complications in pregnancy and a risk of miscarriage.
Cervical cancer is a great challenge to the medical world as of date to reduce the mortality rate by and far. However, the enhanced cervical cancer surgery makes it possible to manage the problem with a proper and prompt approach.

Various types of surgeries are available which may be selected after considering the factors such as age, cancerous development and personal health. The surgeries provide promising results and have a significant success rate.

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