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Cervical Cancer Symptoms

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Cervix is a part of uterus that is joined to the vagina. Cervical cancer is a disease characterized by malignant cell growth in the cervical region. This is a common type of malignant diseases and may lead to mortality. A significant amount of women suffer from this disease all over the world. A main cause for the disease may be Human papillomavirus infection that is transferred during sexual intercourse with an infected partner.

Cervical cancer symptoms may be difficult to identify during the initial stage as they are mild or even absent. However, as the disease progresses, significant symptoms may onset in most of the cases. The symptoms thus, may be segregated into two types, cervical cancer early signs and later stages of cervical cancer symptoms.

The cases, which are asymptomatic in the early stages, are difficult to detect initially unless a woman undergoes a regular test for cervical cancer. Pap smear is a common and popular test for this disease that can detect the early abnormalities in the cervix region and can help in preventing the disease from advancing further.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

If the women between ages of 20-30 years take regular examinations for cervical cancer, the incidences of the disease may be reduced to a significant level. It is also recommended that a woman should take cervical cancer examination in the above mentioned age-span or from one year of the first sexual intercourse. In case, one fails to take the routine tests for cervical cancer, following are the common symptoms of the disease that can help in suspecting the diagnosis of the disease.

Early Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

There is a rare possibility of any early symptoms of the disease to onset in most of the cases. Hence, the early symptoms of the disease may not be experienced by a person but can be depicted by routine tests such as Pap smear examination. This routine examination if taken on a yearly basis, may detect a slight abnormality or malignancy development in the cervix and the surrounding region.

Late Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Although, symptoms may vary from woman to woman, but prominent symptom may appear with advancement of the disease or the malignancy. Given below are some of the most commonly reported symptoms of this disease:

  • Pelvic Pain - Although, pelvic pain may be a complaint during menstrual periods or even when a person undergoes extreme physical exertion, but an unwarranted pelvic pain may be a warning sign of cervical cancer. The pain may at times be radiating and cause back pain also.
  • Excessive Vaginal Bleeding - Abnormal or excessive vaginal bleeding during the time of the month may be also related to cervical cancer. The menstrual periods may last for a long time and even after the menstrual period, the bleeding may continue. In some rare cases, there can be a mass discharge from the vagina.
  • Abnormal Vaginal Discharge - Frequent vaginal discharge is also one of the symptoms of this disease. The discharge may have foul odor and be watery or thick. It is however, a much unnoticed symptoms, or usually women fail to relate this symptom with cervical cancer. Hence, it is important that any abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding be reported to the doctor.
  • Pain While or After Urination - This is a rare symptoms of cervical cancer and usually a result of much advancement of the disease. When, the malignancy spreads from the cervix to the bladder region it may lead to this symptom.
  • Pain After Sexual Intercourse - Women suffering from cervical cancer may complain about pain or discomfort while sexual intercourse or after the intercourse. Sometimes, even mild or moderate bleeding may occur after the intercourse.
  • Sometimes, even blood discharge through stool or urine may occur and be related to cervical cancer. However, not always it may be associated with cervical cancer, as even in urine infection may cause such symptom.

Cervical cancer was a fatal disease some decades back, but through an effective awareness program, the incidence has been reduced to a great level. Also, the early treatment can bring in better life expectancy and improved the survival rate of cervical cancer. For this, it is important that cervical cancer symptoms are detected and examined as early as possible. Regular Pap test is important for preventing the disease from worsening and causing life threatening condition. Biopsy, colposcopy and HPV DNA test are some of the other tests available for detecting the disease

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