Colon Cancer Surgery

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Colon cancer surgery is the most primary form of cancer treatment and is considered as a good replacement for severe therapies by chemicals and radiations. Surgery is the most effective and reliable option for eliminating or curbing tumors in the early stages and can also be used in combination with chemical and radiation therapies if the tumors get intense.

Colon cancer surgery importance

Surgery is a form of treatment in which the tumors are eliminated by removing a part of the colon to prevent the polyps from further infecting the vital organs like bowel, rectum and abdominal areas. Surgery is of various types and has to be conducted differently for different stages of the disease. Age is an important factor to be taken into account while recommending surgery to a particular victim.

Colon cancer is curable if the polyps are identified and treated in the developmental stages. Usually, the cancer cells grow gradually till the time they attain ability to metastasize. Once they begin to spread to various areas of the body, the growth is uncontrollable and tumors metastasize very rapidly.

Survival rate of colon cancer is almost 93% in the first stage and falls to a mere 8% in the fourth stage. Also, the chances of eliminating tumors are the highest in the initial stages. Pattern of treatment and the side-effects become severe as the disease progresses in advanced stages. Hence, surgery for colon cancer is very important to avoid unnecessary health complications and helps to curb the cancerous growth right in the pre-cancerous or developmental phase.

Aspects of colon cancer surgery

Surgery for colon cancer may not be equally effective in all cases and may vary from person to person. Different patients may have different health complications and the pattern of medication may be lenient or severe depending upon the response of the victim.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a major cause of cancerous development in the body. Apart from colon cancer, the virus also causes cancerous development in various other parts of the body like abdomen, lungs, blood, bowel, etc and thus forms an important aspect of surgery for colon cancer. People infected by HPV usually have a low resistance power as the virus primarily impacts the immune system of the person and severely damages vital tissues and cells. HPV vaccines are available to cure the virus but safe sex is very important.

Age is directly related to the effectiveness and reliability of colon cancer treatment. Chances of fast recovery diminish with age as health complications are higher in old people as compared to young ones. Also, the body resistance decreases with age and the organs are not capable to perform equally efficient in comparison to their functioning in young age. Hence, stern cancer treatments are highly disadvantageous to old people and may Colon Cancer Causes severe side effects. This puts a restriction on the overall pattern of treatment to be adopted for old people and thus, decreases the chances of elimination of tumors.

Personal and family background of cancerous development in colon or any other parts can put a person at severe disadvantage if basic health issues are taken for granted. People with such history tend to show the disease symptoms much earlier as compared to those without any such history. Hence, such persons should be very particular about their health and keep a check on even the slightest of the symptoms very thoroughly. This will help in treating the tumors safely by surgery and minimize the need to opt for advanced forms of cancer treatments.

Immune system is the most basic factor to be considered while recommending surgery for colon cancer patient. Bad immune system is the biggest cause of cancer recurrence and creates severe complications in cancer treatment. Hence, a balanced diet along with strong immune system is highly advantageous to gain optimum output from surgical methods for colon cancer.

Common colon cancer surgeries

Local excision is the most basic form of surgery recommended for colon cancer. The method is useful for complete removal of tumors if the tumor-size is very small and is restricted to a particular region. Side-effects of this surgery are negligible and recovery is fast.

Polypectomy is a kind surgery undertaken to polyps. Polyps are a kind of lumps that cannot be removed by local excision and an advanced method is necessary. The technique is usually undertaken during colonoscopy and its intensity depends mainly on the history, size and intensity of polyp to be removed.

Resection is an advanced form of surgery that is conducted to remove a part of or the whole organ. The method is undertaken to remove infected tissues and prevent them from metastasizing to other areas of colon or other organs. The technique has a few side-effects as compared to polypectomy and local excision and the recovery is comparatively slow.

Anastomosis is a kind of surgical treatment undertaken after removal of tumors and is carried out to reconnect the healthy tubes like veins and blood vessels. These are the tubes or parts that were previously cut to remove the infected cancerous tissues present within them. This technique plays the most important role in fast recovery of the patient and has to be conducted in a skillful and reliable manner.

Colon cancer surgery comes with minimum side-effects but it may lead to severe health complications if conducted at wrong stage and time. Surgery is recommended only in the initial colon cancer stages and may be ineffective if undertaken after the tumors begin to metastasize. The treatment should be undertaken after thorough diagnosis and under expert medical supervision only.

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