Colon Cancer Therapy
Colon cancer therapy is a commonly known phenomenon and discusses mainly about the most reliable and viable options to eliminate or curb cancer cells in the colon and avoid their recurrence. Therapies may vary from region to region and mainly depend upon the kind of medical assistance available in that particular area. Different forms of therapies need to taken for different stages of colon cancer and a thorough diagnosis is very important before opting for a particular therapy.
What is colon cancer therapy?
Colon cancer is a form of cancerous development in the colon and the polyps have a high tendency to metastasize. During this process, the tumors may spread to the vital organs of the body through the medium of blood cells and lymph nodes. Tumors generated in the colon also attack other adjacent areas like the rectum and bowel and severely affect the overall digestive system.
Therapy for colon cancer is a set of preventive or curative measures taken to avoid or curb cancerous growth in the colon. Colon cancer can be primary or secondary in nature. Primary colon cancer is the one in which the cancerous cells grow and form tumors in the colon itself and reach other areas as the tumors develop a tendency to metastasize. Secondary colon cancer is a kind of cancerous development in the areas other than colon. Such tumors reach the colon by way of metastasis and also infect the areas adjacent to it.
Therapy plays a vital role in treating both the primary and secondary colon cancers. Some of the therapies help to curb the cancerous development in the developmental stage itself by keeping a check on the major causes of the disease and keeping the person's immune system intact. Therapies also help in minimizing unnecessary health complications that may arise due to age or environmental factors and also help in better recovery in the post-treatment phase.
Why is colon cancer therapy important?
Colon cancer is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. It is detected mostly in adults above 45 years and is one of the leading causes of cancer-deaths. Life expectancy and survival rate varies widely from stage to stage. It is as high as 93% in the first stage but drops drastically to almost 8% as the disease advances to the fourth stage. Therapy for colon cancer not only helps to treat the disease stage-wise but also prevents the malignant tumors from progressing to the advanced stage.
Some of the early signs like unnatural bowel movements and severe abdominal pains may not cure reliably by usual medical techniques. Also, cancer treatments like exposure of polyps to chemicals and radiations can be very painful for the victim and cause severe damage to body cells and tissues. This may also impact the person mentally and discourage him from living a normal life.
Therapies are useful in treating the patient gradually but certainly and enable the body cells and tissues to start performing normally. This further leads to strengthening the immune system and makes a person more resistant to regeneration of tumor cells.
Colon cancer therapy is also important to minimize the repercussions of body disorders like stomach ache, blood in the stools, anemia and considerable loss of appetite. It also helps to eliminate the chances of some other disorders like anemia and diarrhea that are some of the major colon cancer symptoms.
Contemporary colon cancer therapies
Most of the therapies recommended for colon cancer are allopathic. Surgery is the most common form of therapy for the disease and efficiently removes the cancerous tumors that are detected in the initial stages. Polypectomy and local excision are the basic techniques adopted to eliminate tumors in stage 0 or carcinoma in situ. Anastomosis and resection is recommended in the cases where the tumors are difficult to eradicate by local excision.
Stage 1 of the colon cancer has to be treated by anastomosis or resection as the tumor-size grows and the tendency to spread also increases. In stage 2, the tumor-size increases further and a combination of treatments like chemotherapy, anastomosis, resection and biological therapy can be used depending upon the severity of tumors. Chemotherapy is generally exercised if the tumors are not eliminated completely by surgical methods.
Stage 3 of colon cancer can be cured by adopting the methods almost similar to those recommended in stage 2 but the combination of treatment techniques need to be shuffled depending upon the intensity and size of tumors and their tendency to metastasize further. Stage 4 is the most advanced stage of the disease and surgical methods may not give the desired output. Stern treatments like chemotherapy and exposure of tumors to radiations are necessary to curb cancerous growth as any delay in treatment may prove fatal. Surgical methods may be adopted in combination to such treatments but again depends upon the chances of controlling abnormal growth of cells.
Other important fields of medicines like homeopathy and Ayurveda have also proved to be useful in curbing cancerous growth in the colon. They do not kill or eliminate tumors directly but make the body resistant enough to oppose cancerous growth in the colon. These therapies are also efficient in minimizing the side-effects of cancer treatments and help in improving the life expectancy rate of the patient. They are very beneficial in restricting the tumors to spread rapidly and also help to prevent other non-cancerous health complications that may arise due to the abnormal cell-growth. These therapies also play an important role in early detection and diagnosis of tumors.
Colon cancer therapy has a wide scope and may take some of the vital factors like previous medical history, genetic factors, age, geographical location and dietary habits into consideration. An apt therapy is the one that suits the mental and physical condition of the victim and increases the chances of his survival without causing any severe or irreversible damage to his body.