Colon Cancer Treatment
Colon cancer treatment deals primarily with the various methods and techniques available to treat cancerous cells that develop in the colon. It highlights the important and commonly available techniques to cure the disease and explains about the feasibility of the treatment. Outputs of the treatment to cure colon cancer are very important to make the research of colon cancer more effective and complete.
Importance of colon cancer treatment
Most suitable treatment for colon cancer is one of the major concerns of the victims of this disease. Cancer treatments come with considerable side effects and thus, awareness about the various kinds of treatments available is very important from the patient's point of view.
Colon cancer primarily develops in the colon (lowest part of the abdomen) and impacts the overall digestive system badly. The intensity of the disease increases once the cells and tumors start to metastasize. Hence, colon cancer treatment may vary from stage to stage and is usually less complicated in the initial stages. The line of treatment gets severe as the stage of colon cancer progresses. Hence, detection and thorough diagnosis of tumors in the initial stages is highly beneficial to treat them in the most effective manner.
Treatment for colon cancer plays a vital role in preventing the tumors from redeveloping. Thus, undergoing cancer treatment for colon is very important to make it more effective and reliable. Line of treatment may differ from person to person. Also, the benign or pre-cancerous tumors are treated differently from the cancerous ones and intensity of treatment mostly depends upon whether the cancer is primary or secondary.
Parameters of colon cancer treatment
Treatment for colon cancer depends upon a number of factors. The most important deciding factor in finalizing the line of treatment is the nature, origin and intensity of the cancerous tumors. It is easy to cure the tumors if they originate in the colon and show rare tendency to metastasize. Secondary form of colon cancer is comparatively difficult to treat as the tumor cells spread rapidly and affect some of the vital organs like abdomen, bowel, liver and lungs. Hence, a thorough internal examination of the body is necessary to know the exact pattern of cancerous development.
Age is another important factor to be considered to cure colon cancer. The risk of being susceptible to cancerous infection increases considerably after fifty years of age. Thus, the form of treatment has to be planned considering the age of patient. Presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) can create obstacles in efficient cure of the disease and should be given due attention before starting with the treatment.
Treatment for colon cancer also takes the body resistance of the victim into consideration and the medication is planned accordingly. Cancer treatments are usually harsh and may cause an irreversible damage to the victim if his body is incapable of sustaining them.
Other prime parameters like the personal or family history of the disease, any other non-cancerous diseases relating to colon, abdomen or rectum are also given due attention before recommending the most feasible treatment.
Pattern of colon cancer treatment
Treatment for colon cancer is different for different stages. In the initial or pre-cancerous stages, the tumors can be treated by a way of simple surgery like polypectomy or local excision. In this stage, the size of tumors is usually small and can be easily eliminated by surgery.
In the first stage, the tumors start growing and their size increases gradually. Thus, some of the advanced forms of surgeries like anastomosis and resection are recommended. In the second stage, the size of the tumors grows further. Resection and anastomosis is effective even in this stage but may have to be accompanied by biologic or chemical therapy.
In the third stage, the intensity of malignant cells increases considerably and mere surgery is ineffective to curb the cancerous growth. Chemotherapy is recommended as a part of post-surgical treatment to avoid further growth of cancerous tumors. Fourth stage is the most intense one and the cancerous cells have to be controlled at any cost in this stage. In most of the cases, recurrence of cancerous cells in the colon is common and needs an intense pattern of treatment. Surgery is done to remove the infected part of the organs like ovaries, lungs and liver to avoid rapid spread or recurrence of malignant tumors. Therapy by chemicals and radiations is also recommended in cases where the cancerous cells are highly uncontrollable.
Thus, radiation therapy, surgery and chemical therapy are the three main forms of colon cancer treatments. These treatments can prove costly if not taken under proper medical supervision and can severely impact the patient's body.
Colon cancer treatment is most effective when started in the developmental stages of the disease. It is quite difficult to control the tumors once they begin to metastasize. Thus, a regular and thorough medical examination is necessary to track any kind of cell abnormalities in the colon or other vital organs like abdomen, bowel, rectum or lungs. Problems in swallowing and digesting food, improper bowel movements and abdominal pains are some of the early indications of the disease. Various medical examinations are available to detect the presence of tumors and understand their character and intensity.