Endometrial Cancer Detection

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In order to detect the presence of endometrial cancer, understanding its symptoms is significant. If you experience any changes in your body that indicates the cancerous development in your reproductive system, undergoing endometrial cancer detection becomes essential, in order to get the confirmation. This procedure is performed by the doctor by using various techniques. There are certain techniques that help to detect the cancerous growth in your body.

Signs that indicates cancerous growth in the endometrium:

  • Unusual bleeding from vagina: Bleeding through vagina in between your menses, or after menopause is considered to be abnormal. Non bloody- vaginal discharge or spotting is also an abnormal occurrence and hence needs to be detected as early as possible.

  • Pain in lower back and pelvic region: You may experience pain in the lower back as well as the pelvic region since the uterus is located in this region. If this pain is severe and chronic, promptly visit your doctor. Vaginal pain during intercourse also needs immediate attention.

  • Dramatically weight loss: This symptom is more common in later stages and needs to be reported to the doctor as early as possible.

  • Abnormalities in urinary tract: Sense of burping and discomfort during urination.

  • Abdominal swelling: Swelling on the abdominal region due to development of lump.

Any delay in seeking medical assistance can make your case more complicated since these cancer cells grow and spread very rapidly. Progression in the spread lowers the odds of cure and treatments.

Need of early detection of endometrial cancer:

Endometrial cancer involves certain steps that should be taken essentially, in order to get the confirmation of your cancer. After observing any of the above symptoms, the first step you can take is to contact your doctor. Your doctor will use various methods to detect the presence of cancer cells. Early detection contributes to the increasing rate of successful treatment. Your doctor needs to perform certain test and exams in order to detect your uterine cancer.

Physical exam and history:

Your doctor will ask you about the signs, medical history of your family and will discuss about the concerned risk factors that may increase the possibilities of getting this disease. Your doctor will also conduct a pelvic exam as well as a general physical test.

Endometrial cancer detection in early stages:

A typical screening involves the following steps to detect your uterine cancer:

  • Biopsy: It involves examination of thin tissue of the infected area under the microscope. In order to get the sample of cells of the endometrium, a thin and flexible tube is inserted into the uterus through the vagina. This sample is examined under the microscope to find the cancerous cells.

  • Transvaginal ultrasound: This is an ultrasound probe which specially designed to detect the abnormalities in the uterus by inserting through vagina.

  • Ultrasound: Sound waves are used to view the internal structures and blood flow inside the uterus. This also helps to examine the thickness of the lining of uterus.

  • Hysteroscopy: A tiny viewing instrument is inserted in to the uterus through the cervix and vagina.

  • Protoscopy or cystoscopy: Cystoscope (a thin instrument with light) is inserted through urethra in order to see the growth of cancer cells in the bladder as well as the urethra. In the same way, proctoscope is projected in the rectum to detect the cancer cells there.

  • Dilation and curettage (D&C): This method is quite similar to the biopsy. An instrument is inserted in the uterus through vagina where it scours the interior lining of the womb.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This method involves use of radio waves and magnets to get the three dimensional picture. Biochemical changes in the body such as growth of cancer cells outside the uterus can be detected.

  • CA-125 test: This refers to a blood test that determines the elevated levels of the foreign substances in the body which may be the cancer.

  • Computed tomography scan (CT): Refers to the combination of X rays that provides three dimensional views of the blood vessels as well as the various types of tissues. CT helps to see the location as well as the size of the tumor.

  • Positron emission tomography (PET): A particular dye is infused into the veins to detect the presence of cancer cells.

There are some more tests like, blood tests and X-rays of urinary system. All the above methods are used by the doctor to get the precise results of endometrial cancer detection. Consulting the doctor in early stages helps to cure of uterine cancer early.

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