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Endometrial Cancer Surgery

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Endometrial cancer can also be termed as uterine cancer, since it takes place in the uterus. When the old and dead cells present at the wall (endometrium) of the of the uterus starts to multiply greatly without any obstacle, they results into cancer. Uterus is a female reproductive organ where the fetus develops. It is hollow and resembles to the shape of pear and is located in the pelvic area. In order to save the life of the patient, preferring endometrial cancer surgery can be a right decision.

This surgery helps to remove the cancer infected organ (uterus) and thus eliminate cancer from the body. Unusual bleeding from vagina in between your menses or after your menopause can prompt you to the doctor. This can be the primary indication that you are developing a uterine cancer. As soon as you find such signs, get it diagnosed early to prevent endometrial cancer from spreading in other body parts. Surgery is one among the treatments use to cure.

Surgery for treating uterine cancer:

Surgery is preferred to remove the hysterectomy (uterus) from the body. This is one of the most common types of treatment used to eliminate cancer from the organ. The surgeon may possibly remove your ovaries, fallopian tubes and often the lymph nodes in the pelvic if cancerous cells are found to be spread in these parts. Which organs need to be removed depends on the extent of spread of cancer in the uterus and the adjoining parts. Samples of tissues from various parts, nearby uterus are taken in order to check the aggressiveness of cancer. A lymphadenectomy is performed if cancer cells are determined in the lymph nodes. Surgery has the greatest rate of cure among all the treatments on endometrial cancer.

Available choices in surgery:

  • Lymphadenectomy: Refers to the removal of lymph nodes
  • Hysterectomy: Refers to the removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy)

Anesthesia:

Before starting with the surgery, an anesthesiologist gives a medication to the patient to make her sleep or remain unconscious. This is to ensure that your patient should not feel the pain of surgery. Your anesthetist needs to make sure that the quantity anesthesia will not affect you adversely and you will remain healthy and comfortable.

Types of surgery for treating endometrial cancer :

  • Abdominal hysterectomy :

    In this type of surgery, a surgeon dissects, from your pubic bone till your belly button to take out the cervix and uterus through this aperture.

  • Plain Hysterectomy :

    In hysterectomy, your surgeon removes your cervix and uterus from the upper side of the vagina that links with the uterus. During this surgery, some of your lymph nodes are also taken out in order to check at what extent cancer has been spread.

  • Laparoscopic hysterectomy:

    A small incision is made in your stomach and a laparoscope is placed in it. This tool works as a telescope and has a camera that helps the surgeon to see inside your uterus. Your surgeon can see the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus. Uterus is taken out from a small incision made at the top of the vagina.

  • Vaginal hysterectomy :

    In this type of surgery, your cervix and uterus are removed from a small dissection made at the upper part your vagina. This method may be quite difficult to conduct than an abdominal cut, but is the best option to get recovered early. This truth is applicable for an overweight woman.

  • Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy :

    This method is used to remove both fallopian tubes and ovaries of the patient. Eliminating ovaries helps to remove the major source of hormones that are responsible for stimulating the growth of the cancer cells.

  • Radical Hysterectomy:

    This method is used rarely. Radical hysterectomy is generally used when the cancer is spread near the cervix or the adjoining tissues of uterus. This is performed by undergoing an incision on your abdomen. This surgery helps to remove the cervix, pair of fallopian tubes and ovaries, nearby infected lymph nodes, upper portion of vagina and uterus.

  • Removal of Lymph Nodes :

    This method is performed if the cancer cells are spread in some of the lymph nodes. An endometrial cancer surgery involves all the above methods as a part of treatment. Surgery is referred to be an ideal solution to prevent the recurrence of uterine cancer, since it helps to remove the cancer cells from the body.

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