Esophageal Cancer Diagnosis

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The esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that affects and gets formed in a person's esophagus. The formation of the cancerous cells in the esophagus is known as the esophageal cancer. The esophagus is a hollow organ. It is muscular in structure. The esophagus is located near a person's throat behind his chest. As per the location of the cancer cells in the esophagus, the esophageal cancer is classified in two types. They are as follows:

Adenocarcinoma- Adenocarcinoma is a type of esophageal cancer that is established in the cells which create and release some of the essential fluids as well as the mucus.

Squamous cell carcinoma- Squamous cell carcinoma in the esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that is established in the esophagus flat cell lining.

The cancer in the esophagus is a rare sight seen among people. More men get infected by the esophageal cancer than women. The esophageal cancer diagnosis becomes very important in order to make sure that the cancer in the esophagus doesn't spread to other parts of the body. To prevent the cancer reaching further stages, it is necessary to know the esophageal cancer diagnosis measures.

Esophageal cancer diagnosis: The esophageal cancer diagnosis means the measures taken in order to make sure that the treatment for the disease is started at the correct time and the detection of the cancer in the esophagus is relevant. People undergo the esophageal cancer detection when they notice some of the symptoms of this cancer in them. The esophageal cancer diagnosis measures are as follows:

  • Barium Tests: The Barium is a chemical element which is used to diagnose the esophageal cancer. The patient is asked to swallow barium. The swallowed barium can help to determine the presence of the cancerous cells present in the esophagus.

  • Endoscopy (using ultrasound): The endoscopic examination using the ultrasound is much more effective than some other diagnosis measures like the CT scan. It is helpful in determining the size of the cancerous cells as well as the cancer penetration. In this type of diagnosis measure, an instrument that delivers the beams of the ultrasound is inserted into a person's esophagus.

  • CT scan: The CT scan proves to be an effective method of esophageal cancer diagnosis when the stage of the cancer is known. It can help in knowing the possibilities of how far the cancer can spread in or around the esophagus.

  • Thoracoscopy: This is a method in which a small tube which has a camera fitted on it is inserted into the patient's chest through an opening in his chest wall. This helps the health care provider to understand if there are any abnormal cells present inside the patient's esophagus that can result to be cancerous cells.

  • PET scan: PET stands for 'Positron Emission Tomography' scan. This is a technique used to determine whether there are any cancer cells. This test helps to understand that the cells which are cancerous. The cancerous cells are more attracted towards the glucose than the tissues which are normal. The doctor injects the glucose in the patient's veins which is a radioactive glucose. By this way, the doctor can locate where the cancer cells are present in the patient's body.

  • Endoscopy: Endoscopy is the first diagnostic measure that is carried out if a person faces the esophageal cancer symptoms. In this method, a tube that is flexible is inserted into the patient's body with a camera attached to it. This helps in observing the esophagus closely and abnormalities can be noticed properly.

The esophageal cancer diagnosis is thus important to understand whether there are cancer cells present in a person's esophagus and if so then it helps to understand which stage the cancer cells have reached. The esophageal cancer diagnosis is an important step to be carried by the doctor to prevent the cancer from spreading. After the diagnosis is done, the doctor can decide which treatment should the patient follow for fighting against the cancer in the esophagus.

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