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Eye Cancer Statistics and Prognosis

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Eye cancer originates in the eye. When cancerous cells have their root in the eye, it is a type of primary eye cancer. Mostly, eye cancers spread to the eye from other body parts. This type of eye cancer is called malignant eye cancer.

Eye cancer statistics:

The survival rate is the rate referred to the minimal years of survival depending upon the size of the tumor and location of the tumor. It is estimated that about 1270 men and 1300 women will be diagnosed with intraocular eye cancer in the United States of America. Out of total patients diagnosed with eye cancer, 240 deaths are likely to occur this year.

The cancer that's rare and does not spread to the other body parts is iris melanoma, a type of cancer of the eye. Usually, the survival rate for this type of cancer is five years. Out of total people diagnosed with iris melanoma, 95% people have successful chances of five year survival rate.

Another type of rare eye cancer is the ciliary body melanoma. Here, the survival rate is quite less because ciliary eye cancer is diagnosed in the later stages of eye cancer. The symptoms are observed in the last stages of cancer which reduces the survival rate. Hence, regular visit to eye specialist is recommended as he is the only person who can detect presence of cancerous cells in the early stages of eye cancer.

The most common type of intraocular melanoma is the choroidal melanoma. The survival rate of eye cancer patients is five years. 85% people who have been diagnosed with small size choroidal melanoma attain their survival rate whereas 68% of people who have been diagnosed with medium sizes choroidal melanoma attain their survival rate. However, only 50 % to 60% of people who have developed large choroidal melanoma attain the survival rate of five years.

Note: The survival statistics are measured once in five years. The survival rate differs from individual to individual. Since, the statistics are measured only once in five years, it may not be based on the advancements and technologies recently made. It is not possible to predict the survival rate for each individual diagnosed with any type of cancer. Eye cancer statistics help in determining the survival rate and mortality rate. Prognosis helps in predicting approximate chances of recovery and survival rate.

Eye Cancer Prognosis:

Prognosis in medical term is used to define chances of recovery.

The chances or recovery and treatment counts on the following factors:

  1. Size of the tumor
  2. Which part of the eye has been affected i.e. location of tumor
  3. Type of eye cancer
  4. Persons overall health and medical history
  5. Persons age and sex
  6. Recurrence of tumor and
  7. Metastasis of tumor

The above mentioned factors help in deciding the treatment and prognosis.

In order to achieve five year survival rate, doctors have to observe people who have been treated five years ago and then make necessary changes. Improvements in the treatments will change the outlook of the disease and improve the survival rate. The most precise and exact way to illustrate prognosis for any type of cancer is to compare the observed survival rate with the survival rate of the people who have not been diagnosed with any type of cancer.

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