Cancer

Gastric Cancer Treatment

Cancer » Gastric Cancer » Gastric Cancer Treatment

When your body cells multiply uncontrollably without any obstacle, they tend to create cancerous cells. In the same way if the cells present in the interior wall of your stomach grows abnormally, possibly you are developing a gastric cancer. There are some specific signs and indications that represent the development of cancer, if you identify any of those consulting your doctor is recommended. During the diagnosis, your doctor will look at the extent of cancer spread, since this allows them to decide a proper gastric cancer treatment for you.

Your extent of cancer spread allows them in staging of the disease. Your treatment can be opted as per the stage of your cancer.

Different types gastric cancer treatments:

Myriad forms of treatments are accessible to treat the patient undergoing stomach cancer. Some therapies are used at current level (standard) while, some are being still researched and studied by the researchers. These new researches are termed as clinical trials.

A clinical trial can be referred as a breakthrough meant to make advancement in the existing standard treatments or get information on some innovative treatments for the cancer patients. When any of the new clinical trials seems more effective and safe than the current treatments, they are adopted as the standard treatment for treating the patients with gastric cancer. . Most patients think to prefer the new clinical trials if they are safe. Certain clinical trials are available for the patients who are yet to begin with their cancer therapy.

Four standard gastric cancer treatments:

Gastric cancer can be treated by using four standard methods.

Surgery: This is one of the most common treatments for curing the cancer at any stage. Surgery refers to the removal of the part affected by the cancer. Surgery for treating the gastric cancer can be treated performed in following types:

  • Total Gastrectomy: Removing the original site of the cancer, adjoining lymph nodes, some part of the small intestine, parts of the esophagus and other tissues that got affected by the tumor. Since the small intestine is linked with the esophagus, patient may not feel discomfort in eating and swallowing. In some cases your spleen may also be removed.

  • Subtotal gastronomy: Some part of the stomach that is infected by the cancer cells is removed; some nearby lymph nodes, tissues, and organs adjoining the tumor are also removed during this surgery. Spleen might also be removed. Spleen works as a filtrate to remove the old blood cells from the body. It is located in the upper abdominal portion.

In case, if the cancer cells are creating jam in the stomach, but cannot be removed entirely by performing the standard surgery, then the procedures discussed below can be used. .

  • Laser therapy: In this procedure a thin, lighted tube is inserted in the stomach by attaching a laser beam at the tip of the tube. The laser beam works as a knife destroy the tumor.

  • Stent placement: In this procedure a thin, flexible tube (stent) is inserted in the passage, to keep the tract open. If the tumors are creating jam in the passage of the stomach, a small surgery is performed to locate a stent through the stomach to the small intestine or from the stomach to the esophagus. This process allows the patient to eat the food normally.

Radiation Therapy:

In this treatment high intensity X-rays or other types of radiations are used to destroy the cancer cells. This also helps to reduce the growth of the cancer cells. Radiation therapy can e performed in two ways, i.e. external radiation therapy and internal radiation therapy. In external radiation therapy a device is kept outside the stomach to kill the cancer cells while in the internal radiation method, some radioactive substances like the seeds, wires, needles or catheters are used. These substances are sealed and used to kill the cancer cells.

Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy uses drugs to restrict the tumor or cancer cells from developing . Their growth can be restricted either by destroying the cells or by restricting them from multiplying. These chemicals can be injected or inserted into the vein or muscle and thus enters in to the blood stream to kill the cancer cells.

Chemoradiation therapy:

Chemoradiation therapy is a combination of both, chemotherapy as well as radiation therapy. This therapy helps to elevate the effect of both these treatment jointly. Using chemoradiation therapy post surgery is beneficial to elevate the scope of stomach cancer cure. This type of gastric cancer treatment is referred as adjuvant therapy. In case, if it is performed prior to surgery, then it is termed as neo adjuvant therapy.

Targeted therapy and clinical trials:

Targeted therapy is used to target and kill the abnormalities in the cancer cells. Clinical trials can be referred as new researches that are carried out to treat the cancer. If these trials are safe as well as effectual that can be adopted as standard treatments. Your gastric cancer treatment options depend on your overall health, stage of your cancer and your preferences.

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