Head and Neck Cancer Awareness
Cancer can be described as uncontrollable division or multiplication of the cells. The cancerous tumor is the malignant tumor. The tumor spreads to other parts of the body destroying the surrounding tissues.
Oral cancer, salivary glands cancer, pharynx cancer- nasopharynx cancer (upper part of the pharynx), oropharynx cancer (the middle part of the pharynx) and hypopharynx cancer (lower part of the pharynx), the cancer of larynx also called as the voice-box, paranasal sinuses cancer, nasal cavity cancer and the cancer of lymph nodes present in the upper part of the neck, all are categorized under head and neck cancer. However, one has to note that skin cancer, scalp cancer, eye cancer, thyroid cancer, brain cancer and cancer of bones present in the head and neck portion do not fall under the category of head and neck cancer.
Head and neck cancer statistics:
The survey on neck and head cancer statistics reveals that out of all cancers in the United States, head and neck cancer accounts for about three percent to five percent.
About 1.7 men per 100,000 and 0.5 women per 100,000 in the Asia and Pacific region are said to have been diagnosed by the head and neck cancer. The cancer is said to have been associated with Human Papillomavirus (HVP).
Among the white people, the figure is said to be approximately about 5.1 white men per 100,000 and 1.3 white women per 100,000 whereas the statistics among the black is about 6.8 black men per 100,000 and 1.5 black women per 100,000.
In the United States, 37,870 men and 14,270 women out of total 52,140 people may develop head and neck cancer. In India, over 200,000 cases of head and neck cancer have been diagnosed with head and neck cancer. Carcinoma of the ear is the least common cancer found in India whereas oropharyngeal carcinoma cancer is the most common head and neck cancer. It is followed by the cancer of esophagus and oral cavity respectively.
Head and neck cancer awareness
Head and neck cancer awareness must reach up to the common masses in order to eliminate the cancer on a large scale. The common masses should be able to access the information about head and neck cancer. Media can play a vital role in spreading head and neck cancer awareness. The medium can be television, radio, newspapers or internet. Some cancer associations can also spread the awareness in their locality. One must take individual efforts to spread the head and neck cancer awareness. One must be aware of the cancer symptoms.
Head and neck cancer awareness week is also celebrated on a global level. This helps in the information and awareness reaching to people from all corners of the world.
Cancer has four stages. The first stage is beginning of the cancer and can be cured. The second and third stage is related to the spread of cancer to the lymph nodes. Thankfully, due to advancement in technology and research, cancers can be cured in their second and third stage. However, cancer is very difficult to cure when it reaches in its fourth stage. That is why it is important to check with your doctor as early as possible when the symptoms arise. Hence, awareness must be spread as far as possible. On noticing the head and neck cancer symptoms for more than two weeks, one must consult to the physician as early as possible so that the cancer tumor does not spread.