Head and Neck Cancer Statistics

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Head and neck are associated with the cancers of oral cavities, salivary glands, pharynx and its parts such as Nasopharynx (upper part of pharynx), Oropharynx (middle part of pharynx) and Hypopharynx (lower part of pharynx), larynx (the voice box), paranasal sinuses and nasal cavities and lymph nodes of upper part of the neck. Cancers of brain, scalp, eyes, thyroid and skin are not associated with head and neck cancer.

Head and neck cancer symptoms:

  • Swelling in throat
  • Swelling in the mouth
  • Lump in the throat
  • Change in the color of the skin
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pain in the upper part of the face or jaw
  • Bleeding of nose
  • Blockage of nose
  • Consistent pain in the ear
  • Swelling around the eye
  • Change in the voice
  • Problem in swallowing of food

Causes of head and neck cancer:

  • Consumption of nicotine in tobacco
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol
  • Smoking cigarettes and cigar
  • Dietary factors such as over consumption of red meat and processed foods
  • Human Papillomavirus (HVP)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or larynx reflux disease
  • Leukoplakia i.e. appearance of white spots on oral cavity
  • People who have undergone Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have higher risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Epstein-Barr virus is responsible for cancer of Nasopharynx.
  • Chewing of betel nut also increases risk of oral cancer

Head and neck cancer statistics:

The head and neck cancer statistics are based on a survey of thousands of people in the United States of America. The figure is not precise but an approximate figure. 83% of the population in the United States during the year 1998-2003 was taken into consideration while undergoing survey.

Human Papillomavirus (HVP) causes about 25% of mouth cancer and 35% of throat cancer.

About 5.1 white men per 100,000 and 1.3 white women per 100,000 had cancer associated head and neck cancer with HVP.

About 6.8 black men per 100,000 and 1.5 black women were diagnosed with head and neck cancer associated with HVP.

Among Asian and Pacific people, about 1.7 men per 100,000 and 0.5 women per 100,000 have said to be diagnosed with head and neck cancer associated with HVP.

About 5.3 men per 100,000 and 1.4 women among non-Hispanics were associated with head and neck cancer with HVP Of all the cancers in the United States, head and neck cancer accounts for about 3% to 5% .

8300 men and 3160 women expected will die due to head and neck cancer this year.

37,870 men and 14,270 women, total 52,140 people in the United States may develop head and neck cancer.

Over 200,000 cases of head and neck cancer are diagnosed in India.

In India, oropharyngeal carcinoma is the most common head and neck cancer followed by esophageal cancer and oral cavity cancers. The least common cancer in India is the carcinoma of the ear cancer.

These head and neck cancer statistics are approximate values and exact values.

Head and neck cancer treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery.

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