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Heart Cancer Diagnosis

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The tumour that occurs due to development of malignant cells in the heart is known as heart cancer. This cancer is a rare type of cancer and tends to develop rapidly throughout the body. Heart cancer diagnosis at early stages is an important act because it gives a brief idea about the type of tumour and the extent of its spread throughout the body. Some of the early symptoms of this cancer include murmuring of heart, difficulty in breathing, stroke, swelling and tachycardia. If these symptoms are diagnosed at early stages then there are chances of successfully eliminating the tumour from the body.

Heart cancer generally occurs either due to alteration in the body functioning of body cells or due to uncontrollable cell growth. Due to this, supply of oxygen to the red and white blood cells gets disturbed. This further leads to increase in the levels of impurity in the blood cells. The centre of blood purification is heart and so the rate of pumping of blood in the heart tends to increase. This further increases the heartbeat rate in the body. In the advanced stages, impure blood increases in the body which results into high blood pressure. This further leads to massive heart attacks.

Heart cancer is generally classified into two types:-

  • Primary heart cancer
  • Secondary heart cancer

Primary heart cancer:-

In this cancer, the centre of origin of the tumour is the heart. Malignant blood cells develop into the heart and from here they tend to spread to other parts of the body. Primary heart cancer is generally considered as an early stage of heart cancer and is curable.

Secondary hear cancer:-

In this cancer, the malignant cells get developed in the other parts of the body and then attack the heart. This cancer is considered as the most severe type of heart cancer and is incurable.

Heart cancer diagnosis:-

Heart cancer diagnosis is conducted with the help of several blood tests, CT scan, MRI scans and other routine laboratory tests. However, some of the special tests for diagnosing this tumour include myocardial biopsy, Pericardiocentisis, Cardiac catheterization, Stress Test.

Explanation of heart cancer diagnosis:-

Myocardial Biopsy:-

This test is amongst the common tests conducted for diagnosing heart cancer tumour. In this test, a piece of heart is removed with the help of a special catheter and grasping device at the other end. Later this piece is examined under a microscope. This helps to detect heart cancer type and location and its spread throughout the body.

Pericardiocentisis:-

In this procedure, a special needle is inserted into the sac which surrounds the heart and fluid is injected out from the tumour. This fluid is later examined by conducting several laboratory tests. These tests give a brief idea about the nature and characteristics of the tumour and it's widespread throughout the body. This is highly recommended and well known for its accuracy.

Cardiac Catheterization:-

In this procedure, contrast dye is injected in the narrow tube. This tube is inserted in your body through a blood vessel of leg or arm and it is aimed at heart. With the help of this tube, X-ray pictures are developed of the tumour and then these pictures are examined. These pictures give a clear idea of the location of the tumour and the spread of cancer throughout the body.

Stress Test:-

This test is highly recommended for diagnosing this tumour. This test is conducted to determine whether your heart is still healthy and able to face stress. It also proves the whether the blood purification system is healthy or not. This test is combined with other tests such as Biopsy and Tilt table test to determine the location of the tumour.

Electrophysiology test:-

In this test, the heartbeat rate and the electrical activity of the pathways of your heart are checked to determine the nature, size and location of the tumour. It also helps to find out the perfect cause of disturbance in the heartbeat rate.

Heart cancer diagnosis helps us to identify the nature and cause of the tumour and helps the doctor to select the treatment accordingly. Diagnosing techniques of this tumour are generally selected on the basis of blood tests, CT scans and MRIs which are performed before the diagnosis.

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