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Kidney Cancer Diagnosis

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Kidney cancer diagnosis can be done in many ways only when any patient shows the symptoms of this particular cancer. Kidney cancer is also called as renal cell cancer and is a common cancer in the United States. This is the cancer which either affects one kidney or both of them. In adults, it is observed that most of the cancers develop in the tissues which are meant to filter the blood and produce urine. The cancer of the kidney which happens in the childhood is very different than the adult cancer. There are many types of kidney cancer depending upon where the malignancy has generated. One should also know the basics of this cancer i.e. how it is caused and what are the symptoms, so that one can self detect the changes in the body.

Ways of kidney cancer diagnosis: -

  1. Physical Examination: This is a very general detection which is done by the doctors. In this, the symptoms are checked once again to check if they still indicate this cancer. It also includes a general health check-up via tests which include the blood pressure test and a test to check the development of tumors.

  2. CT-Scan: CT-Scan is a machine which is used to click detailed images of the organ which is diagnosed. This is a scan which will give clear photos of the organ as well as if there is any abnormal development into the organs.

  3. Urine test: This is also an important test which is used for the diagnosis of this cancer. The main purpose of this test is to check the level of blood present in the urine. This test also checks if there are any other signs for some other issues in the body.

  4. Ultrasound test: This is a sonogram and is also called as sonography. This is a test which uses high frequency waves which cannot be heard. A tumor would produces different echoing sounds than a healthy tissue, and thus the difference can be spotted here.

  5. Intravenous Pyelogram: This test is also called as IVP. In this test, the doctor inserts some kind of a chemical; a dye into the veins. This chemical then travels throughout the body and is collected in the kidney. During this process, several x-rays are done to track the movement of the dye into the body. The dye moves to the kidney, the bladder and to the uterus. This helps in detecting the smooth movement of the dye. If any obstruction is present it will be shown in the x-rays.

  6. Blood test: Blood test is a diagnostic test which is done at a laboratory. This is a test which is done to check the working of the kidneys. Creatinine is a substance which is also checked by the lab assistants and its presence in the blood is measured in this test. If the level of this substance is high, it will clearly indicate that the kidneys are not functioning well and there is some issue or some type of development in some part of the organ.

  7. Biopsy: This is done depending on the results of the patients. In this, the tissue is removed so that the tumor can be seen. This is a process in which the surgeon or a specialist inserts a needle into the kidney and removes a part of the tissue. The needle which is inserted is very thin. In most of the cases to reach the correct spot in the kidney an ultrasound is used. A pathologist checks this tissue if any presence of cancerous cells are there in it under a microscope.

These are various ways by which kidney cancer diagnosis can be done. It is very important to detect the symptoms of this cancer because as the cancer would grow deeper it will be very difficult to cure this cancer. Kidney cancer can causes deaths if it is not treated on time. These tests are available at all cancer specialists and clinics and they should be done as and when the symptoms start to show so that the kidney cancer can be detected at an early stage and treated well.

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