Lip Cancer Diagnosis
Cancer » Lip Cancer » Lip Cancer Diagnosis
Lip cancer diagnosis will be quick for the people who have some knowledge about the symptoms or the changes that appear in one's body. Lip cancer is a type of oral cancer and is not very common across the world. This cancer has a 20% rate annually in United States of America. This is a cancer which does not show a lot of early signs and is difficult to diagnose early. The cancer can be treated easily but may pose a risk if it is detected at the last stage or if it has spread to any other parts of the body.
The ways by the lip cancer diagnosis can take place are as follows:
- Physical Examination: Generally, the first step to detect this type of cancer is a normal physical screening of the lips. The doctor or a dentist will inspect the lip cancer stage by inserting gloved fingers into the mouth, and feel if there is any abnormal growth inside the mouth or on the lips. This will also determine if there is any oral cavity in the mouth. A mirror and light is used to check the inner portion of the mouth and the sides of the lips. This physical exam not only checks the lips, but also the other organs of the body such as cheeks, gums, floor of the mouth etc, to see if the cancer has spread anywhere else than lips.
- Endoscopy: Endoscopy is a process which is used for detection of various organs including the organ where cancer has spread. An opening is made in the body and an endoscope is inserted into the body via that particular opening, to have a look at the organs. This instrument is in a shape of tube. It has a lens attached to it so that a clear picture can be seen. The lens is very clear to even detect the cancerous developments in the tissue or the nodes. The tissue which is removed with the help of an endoscope is checked under the microscope to detect any signs of cancer.
- X-Rays: This is a very common test as well. An x-ray is a beam which can go through the body to detect if there is any growth in the organ. An x-ray of the mouth will be done to check if there is any tumor in the lips of an individual.
- Biopsy: This is a process which is done by a pathologist. In this, cells which are removed from the infected area are checked minutely under a microscope. If there is any indication of Leukoplakia, then cells from other parts of the body are taken and checked for the metastasis of the cancer.
- MRI: MRI stands for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. This is a test which uses magnets, radio active waves and a computer to check the organs of the body. This is a test which will give out a detailed summary with the help of pictures of the organ which needs to be detected. This test is also called as nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI)
- CT scan: This is a test which involves capturing the images of various organs in different angles. This is a scan which helps in detecting even the smallest problem in the body. While conducting this test, a dye is either injected into the veins of the body or is swallowed by the patient; this helps the doctor to have a better look at the tissue which has an abnormality. This process is known as computed tomography.
- Barium Swallow: This is a test which has a series of X-ray conducted of the targeted area. This is a test in which the patient consumes barium, which is a metallic silver liquid which helps in exfoliating the area which is carrying the ailment. The other name for this process is also known as upper GI series.
- Exfoliating Cytology: This is a test which is targeted to take the cells from the lip. This is done with the help of cotton, or a wooden stick. These things are used to scrape out the cells gently from the layers of the lips. The next step is it to view these cells under the microscope to check for any signs of malignancy.
There are many ways by which this malignancy can be diagnosed. The only issue that people face is that there is no early sign of this particular cancer, thus in most of the cases, when the lip cancer diagnosed, the malignancy has a reached a stage where quick treatment is needed. This is a cancer which grows at a slow pace but spreads very fast. Thus, lip cancer diagnosis in an early stage is important.