Lip Cancer Treatment
Cancer » Lip Cancer » Lip Cancer Treatment
Lip cancer treatment is of various types, as most of the times, the cancer spreads in some or the other part of the mouth. This is cancer comes under the category of oral cancer, and is easily treated if diagnosed at an early stage.
Two types of standard lip cancer treatments are
Lip cancer surgery in simple terms means removal of the diseased part from the body. In the same way, the cancerous growth is removed from the lips by operating them with the help of a normal surgery. A surgery can be done at any stage. And this treatment is considered successful most of the time, as it removes the cancer from the root.
- Wide local excision
In this type of surgery, the cancerous growth as well as some part of a healthy tissue is removed from the lips. If the cancer has spread in other various parts of the face or body, a surgery is conducted to remove the cancer from that place as well.
- Plastic surgery
Plastic surgery is done to enhance the look of the body part which has been distorted by some illness. The same applies in lip cancer. Many a times, it is observed that the lip is d-shaped due to the cancer or has some permanent marks or dis-coloration on it. Plastic surgery helps in making the lip look natural and better.
- Neck dissection
Spread of lip cancer to the lymph nodes of the neck is very common. As the detection of lip cancer is at a later stage in most of the cases, the cancer does spread in the neck. A surgery is conducted to remove this cancer from the neck.
Many a times, it is observed that the patient even after a successful surgery is given sessions of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Cancer is a disease which has a high recurrence rate. Hence to stop the ailment getting in the body again, these sessions are given to the patients. Treatment is given after the surgery, so that the risk of cancer recurrence is low and it is called as adjuvant therapy
- Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is a treatment which is used to cure and reduce the risk of cancer returning in the body. This is a treatment which involves the use of high energy of rays which are given in the selected area where the cancer needs to be cured. For the lip cancer treatment, the rays will be moved over the lips primarily and the surrounding organs to stop the multiplication of cells if any. There are two types of radiation therapy.
- External radiation therapy: This therapy uses machines which are used to produce the rays towards the tumor.
- Internal radiation therapy: Internal radiation therapy uses radioactive substances which are present in the sealed needles or tubes/wires that are placed directly into the cancer or near it.
This treatment will depend upon the state and the spread of the cancer. Proper diagnosis of lip cancer is needed so that the correct type of treatment can be given.
Radiation therapy strictly prohibits smoking. It will not at all work if the patient continues to harm the lips or the mouth in any manner. This will lead to an increased risk of acquiring the cancer again. It is always suggested that an oral check up is done of the patient who will undergo the radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy can also be used to treat lip cancer. This is a treatment that uses drugs or medicines to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping the cells from multiplying. Chemotherapy sessions take place either by injecting the drug into the muscles or veins. When the drug is given via muscles it is called as intra-muscular chemotherapy and the when the drug is injected into the body via veins, it is called as intravenous chemotherapy. Chemotherapy sessions are cyclic in nature and will totally depend upon the stage of the cancer. If metastasis of the cancer has occurred, the sessions will be longer and severe.
- Hyperthermia therapy
Hyperthermia therapy is a treatment in which the tissue of the body is heated. It is heated at a temperature which is above the normal body temperature so that the cells are killed. The cancerous cells are very sensitive to heat, and thus this therapy helps in reducing the cells in the body..
- Hyper fractionated radiation therapy
Hyper fractionated radiation therapy is radiation treatment which divides the sessions in to small durations and it is given multiple times in a day. Generally, three times in a day.
Lip cancer treatment should be done after proper diagnosis and it should be seen that if the cancer has spread on a fast pace, then what kind of correct treatment should be provided. This cancer is moderately common in the western part of the globe and the rate at which it was found last year in the United States of America was about 22%.