Lung Cancer Surgery
When the cancerous malignant tumor originates or develops in the lungs then it is called as primary lung cancer and when the cancer spreads to the lungs from the other body parts then it is called as malignant lung cancer. Lung cancer has the maximum number of cases recorded under fatal cancer incidents in the United States.
The structure of right lung differs slightly from that of left lung. The right lung has three parts or lobes whereas the left lung has got two parts. There is a part present in the left lung which is called as lingula which corresponds to or equivalents to the middle part of the right lung. The exchanges of gases i.e. exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen takes place in a sac like structure called as alveoli. Alveoli are a sac like structure present at the end of bronchioles which are smaller branches of the main air passage bronchi.
Since, the tumor in lung cancer is developed in the lungs; it obstructs the air flow in that particular part of the lung. This results in shortness of breath or hoarseness. Lung cancer when diagnosed early can be treated easily and successfully.
Surgery is one of the primary treatments widely used to remove the cancerous tumors. As per the stage of the cancer, the type of surgery is chosen.
Following are the types of lung cancer surgeries:
A procedure called thoracotomy is done before performing any type of lung surgery. This procedure involves making a cut on one of the side of the chest and thus protecting the parts of the chest containing the heart and the spinal cord since these are one of the most delicate organs of the body.
After any lung surgery is performed, a chest tube is used to drain out the blood and fluid out of the chest cavity and is then filled with air.
You will need to stay in the hospital for a quite a long period of time until your lung functions properly. Your stay in the hospital will be dependent on which type of surgery is performed, your lung functioning and your overall health.
Effectiveness of the Surgery:
Surgery is generally performed in the initial phase of lung cancer when the cancer has not spread to the lymph nodes or beyond the chest cavity. Surgery is one of the efficient methods to treat non-small cell cancer in the early stages.
Side-effects or risks of lung cancer surgery:
Before undergoing any surgery, get detailed information about the procedure, recovery time, its possible side-effects and other factors from your doctor. Surgery is the only effective and successful method in treating most types of lung cancer.