Stages of Hodgkin Lymphoma

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Lymphatic tumors have to be diagnosed and treated within a reasonable time. Doctors study lymphoma cancer stages to know about success rate of lymphatic cancer treatment. These stages tell about the present condition of cancer tumors in lymphatic system and guide oncologists to choose a suitable cure.

Hodgkin lymphoma is also termed as Hodgkin's disease. This cancer arises in lymphocytes that are also known as white blood cells. Doctors study lymphoma cancer stages and growth phases in patients after subjecting them to diagnosis. The procedure of diagnosis includes multiple scans like X-Ray, radiography, blood tests, tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging. These tests are conducted on specific body parts like pelvis, abdomen, bone marrow and chest. Today medical science has devised positron emission tomography (PET). This technique has successfully replaced classical gallium scan.

Doctors have come to the conclusion that Hodgkin lymphoma cancer creates swelling in the lymph nodes. This swelling is seen externally in upper body parts. Swelling in nodes is followed by pain and patients experience unexpected fatigue. They also suffer from night sweats, weight loss and drenching. Some patients have lower back pain due to swelling of lymph nodes. Some doctors have grouped lymphatic cancer into two stages, they are progressive and recurrent. The first stage involves growth of cancer tumor in multiple progressive stages. During recurrent stage the cancer tumor comes back to the lymphatic system even after treatment. This stage is treated through combination of radiation therapies. There are four growth phases or stages of Hodgkin lymphoma:

Stage-1: In this stage the cancer tumor spreads in the lymphatic nodes.

Stage-2: In this growth phase the cancer takes over two or more than two groups of lymphatic nodes.

Stage-3: In this stage lymphoma cancer spreads on both sides of diaphragm.

Stage-4: This is the final stage in which cancer spreads to other organs besides lymphatic system.

Hodgkin lymphoma cancer stages are also dependent on some secondary symptoms like fever, night sweats and weight loss. Those patients who are having more than one of these signs are "B" grade patients. Others who have back pain are classified under grade "A".

Stages of non Hodgkin lymphoma:

Non Hodgkin lymphoma is the sixth common cancer tumor in the U.S. Lymphoma cancer stages weaken the lymphatic system and deprives its energy to fight diseases and external infections. Human lymph nodes filter microbial agents like viruses and bacteria from other substances that enter the body as metabolic nutrients. Non Hodgkin lymphoma produces large number of abnormal white blood cells. These cells form a group of tumors and block the filtration system of lymphatic nodes. Non Hodgkin lymphoma has 4 stages:

Stage-1: In the first stage lymphoma cancer spreads in a single node. It may also spread to a single group of lymphatic nodes like underarm, groin, neck and so on. Later on the cancer also spreads to a single organ outside the lymphatic system.

Stage-2: During second phase the cancer is seen in 2 or more groups of lymphatic nodes. It also spreads below the diaphragm and muscles separating the abdomen and chest. The lymphoma also spreads from a single lymphatic node nearby organs. It may also affect the upper part of diaphragm.

Stage-3: During this growth phase the lymphatic tumor is seen on both the sides of diaphragm. It also spreads to the spleen.

Stage-4: This is the final stage of lymphatic cancer. Now the tumor spreads completely to other organs surrounding the lymphatic system. Patients start experiencing active symptoms of non Hodgkin cancer. These signs are reduction in body weight, vomiting, nausea, fevers and night sweats.

Steps to be taken after confirming growth phase of tumors:

After knowing about different stages of lymphoma tumors actual condition of lymphatic system is studied. Doctors determine about the presence of diffuse large B cell lymphoma. This kind of lymphoma spreads to B type lymphocytes. Due to diffusion of B cell lymphoma, lymphocytes become abnormal in size. They stop responding to brain signals to defend the body against infections and attacks of microbes. If this process continues, then the lymphatic cancer spreads to the stomach and gastro intestinal track. Such a condition is called de novo. It has been noticed that 30 percent of lymphoma cases do not commence with infection in lymph nodes. They enter to some other organ near the lymphatic system and gradually spread to it. This condition is also called as extra nodal phase. The tumor in this disease spreads in a reverse way from other organs to the lymphatic system. Selections of advanced treatment techniques like chemotherapy, radiation therapy and stem transplantation is the best way to curb the growth of lymphoma cancer stages.

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