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Lymphoma Cancer Surgery

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Lymphoma cancer surgery is recommended by oncologists to prevent growth of cancer cells in the lymphatic system. When tumor cells in the lymphatic nodes spread and block the functioning of lymphocytes, immune system of the body weakens. The patient becomes weak in stamina and enduring attack of illness. Cancer of lymphatic system is of two kinds:

Hodgkin lymphatic cancer:- In this kind of cancer, the cells of lymphatic system undergo mutations. They multiply and manifest as tumors to block the functions of lymphocytes. The primary function of lymphatic system is to keep the body immune to diseases. This system contains a colorless fluid known as lymph. The fluid contains lymphocytes (white blood cells) that combat the attacks of microbes and antigens. Hodgkin disease in the lymphatic nodes is manifested by formation of cluster in organs like underarms, neck and pelvis. These clusters prevent nodes of the lymph system to filter harmful agents from the body. Hodgkin's disease starts spreading from the lymph nodes to the groins and the arms. It also spreads to the liver and spleen during advanced stages of growth. This kind of cancer may also spread to other parts of the body.

Non Hodgkin lymphatic cancer:- This kind of cancer is seen in patients of all age groups. It differs from Hodgkin disease due to the fact that the size of lymphatic nodes is greater in this case. Patients experience signs like body weight reduction, fever and nausea in aggressive forms. Non Hodgkin disease is seen in aggressive as well as in slow growing forms. Doctors recommend lymphoma cancer surgery when non Hodgkin tumors assume an aggressive form. There are many kinds of non Hodgkin lymphoma like small lymphocytic lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma and mantle cell lymphoma. Some lymphomas reoccur after procedure of stem cell transplantation. Such lymphomas are termed as B cell non Hodgkin lymphomas. Their treatment is chosen after final lymphoma cancer prognosis reports.

Surgical procedure of treating Hodgkin & non Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin & non Hodgkin lymphoma cancer surgery is performed by cancer therapists and surgeons after clinical trials. Some procedures of this surgery are of standard type. Other procedures are a part of clinical trials:

  1. Radiation therapy:- It is a well recognized therapy to treat lymphoma cancer. It is also used to cure tumors seen in lymphatic system. It includes using power radiations like x rays to destroy lymphomas. Radiotherapy is of two types' external radiotherapy and internal radiotherapy. The first one uses radiation emitting machines to destroy lymphatic cancer cells. The other one uses needles and wires to transfer radioactive substances to lymphoma tumors. All these powerful rays and radioactive substances destroy cells of the lymphatic tumors and enhance patient's life span.

  2. Chemotherapy:- This procedure also aims to destroy cells of Hodgkin & non Hodgkin lymphoma. However, in this case chemical drugs and injections are used to eliminate tumors of the lymphatic system. The main feature of chemotherapy is that drugs are injected into veins or muscles. The medicines of these drugs enter the blood circulation and reach lymphatic nodes. Here they act on cancer tumors to uproot them. Chemotherapy of Hodgkin's lymphoma includes ABVD and Stanford V. The first procedure includes use of drugs like bleomycin, dacarbazine and vinblastine. Procedure of Stanford V includes mechlorethamine, etoposide and prednisone.

  3. Hemapoietic stem transplantation:- The procedure of HSCT involves infusion of stem cells that are extracted from the bone marrow, umbilical cord and peripheral blood. These stem cells are transplanted in those places where lymphocytes get destroyed with lymphatic tumors.

Post surgery conditions

After undergoing lymphoma cancer surgery patients are recommended to take regular follow up exams. Doctors advise to revise the treatment plan of non Hodgkin lymphoma every 2-3 years. The reason behind this is that this disease is of an aggressive nature. As concerning immediate conditions after surgery, patients will be kept in the hospital for a couple of days with a few tubes. These tubes have drainage mechanism and help in healing patients. The nurse and staff will ensure that the patient is well taken care of.

The abdomen will be checked by doctor using a stethoscope. Whenever the bowels start functioning again, patients are declared to be normal. They can start eating and drinking normally. General post surgery checkups include blood tests, x rays and physical scans like CT and MRI. Patients should strictly follow the recommendations of their surgeon for post surgery checkup. If any patient is worried about lymphoma cancer surgery while undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy, they can ask their surgeons.

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