Melanoma Cancer Diagnosis
Melanoma cancer diagnosis is very important in the initial stage because this is the toughest skin cancer to fight. The metastasis of this cancer is the fastest than any other cancer, so one should be very prompt in self detection of this cancer.
The ways of diagnosing this cancer are
Medical history and physical exam
Melanoma is a cancer which is caused mostly to the people who have had this in their family history. This is a cancer that spreads very fast if not diagnosed on time. General type of questions will be asked by the doctor to understand your medical condition. Physical examination is also done as a part of diagnosis to see if there have been any changes in the size of the mole, or the color of the skin. He will generally ask you the most common melanoma cancer syndrome, like bleeding, itching or pain in the mole. If any of this is present, then there are chances that this is a type of a cancer which has developed in the skin.
If he is suspicious about the mole or the lump on the skin, a physical exam will be conducted in that particular area. Here the doctor will check if there is any sort of change in the size or the color of the mole. There will be a full body analysis to check if there are any abnormal spots or boils on the skin other than the area under observation.
As this is a physical exam which is conducted on the skin, the doctor may also check the nodes; he may check if there is any sort of a development beneath the skin. As this cancer spreads very fast, showing less early symptoms, it is necessary to check if any metastasis of this cancer has already occurred. If any abnormality is observed in the lymph node, it is an indication that the cancer has spread.
If a general physician is undertaking your treatment, you will be moved on to a dermatologist who is a skin specialist for the correct type of treatment to cause the least damage to the skin.
Skin biopsy is the most common and the most trusted way to diagnose this cancer. All the skin doctors advice melanoma cancer diagnosis with the help of various skin biopsy options that are available. In a biopsy session, the doctor removes a part of the skin where the lump or the mole is present and sends it for laboratory testing. Local anesthesia is provided to the patient while the biopsy is done so that no pain is felt while the skin/tissues are removed. These tissues are then checked under a microscope to see if there is any abnormal growth in the body.
The biopsy report may show any of the following
To check if melanoma is present in the body, various types of diagnostic measures are available: -
This is a cancer which is the most severe form of skin malignancy. This cancer is also responsible to produce large malignant tumors in the brain, lung, liver, or other organs. Melanoma cancer diagnosis is very important as soon as any change in the skin is observed.
This cancer hits any age group, but it is more commonly seen in the western nations. It is important to keep in mind the various symptoms and source of melanoma cancer to take precautions.