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Melanoma Cancer Survival Rates and Prognosis

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Melanoma cancer survival rate and prognosis are often used by doctors. The survival rate is often the only way for a doctor to detect the prognosis of the patient. But this information which is provided by the doctor may benefit a few and may just be numbers for a few others. This can also be a cause of concern for a few when they get to know the numbers and their moral might just go down, because this is a skin cancer which happens to five percent people but has a death rate of 75 percent of all the skin cancers.

The five and ten year survival rate of melanoma cancer is high only if the cancer is detected in the early stage or before there is metastasis of this cancer. But as deadly as this cancer sounds, it is very easy to cure it in the early stage and this leaves the patient with a long life.

In order to get five and ten year survival rates, doctors have to look at the patients who were treated at least five or ten years ago. Improvements in treatment since then may result in a better prognosis for patients who are now being diagnosed with melanoma.

Survival rates are generally calculated on the previous outcomes of the cancer patients. This is possible only when the stage of cancer is known and the doctor can prescribe a treatment which will be able to cure the cancer completely. This will also help the doctor to provide a proper prognosis to the patient after looking at the health of the patient. But this cannot always be correct. Many factors are present, which decide the health of the patient. It is important to know that genes, health, and age also play a vital role in shaping the prognosis and the life anticipation of melanoma cancer patient. Even while taking other factors into account, survival rates are at best rough estimates.

The following are the survival rates of about 100,000 patients in the year 2010 which were registered in United States of America. They include people who were diagnosed with melanoma skin cancer but later a few have died due to several other reasons as well.

  • Stage 1A: The five-year survival rate is about 96% and the ten-year survival rate is close to 93 % when the cancer s diagnosed in this earliest stage

  • Stage 1B: The 5-year survival rate is around 90%. The 10-year survival rate is around 84% .

  • Stage 2A: When the cancer has reached this stage the five year rate of survival is 80 % and the ten year survival rate is 65%

  • Stage 2B: This stage too is similar to stage 2A; the five year survival rate is close to 77% and the ten year survival rate is about 60%.

  • Stage 2C: The 5-year survival rate from this stage starts to reduce and fall to about 55 % and the ten year rate falls to 41 %

  • Stage 3A: This is the stage when metastasis of the cancer begins to happen. The five year survival rate of this cancer is about 70 % and the ten year survival rate is about 59%.

  • Stage 3B: From this stage the survival starts to get lower each day. In this stage the five year survival is just 55% and the ten year survival falls to 45%.

  • Stage 3C: Life gets shorter as this cancer has taken over most of the body parts. The five year survival rate is very low; only 42% and the ten year survival rate is hardly 20%.

  • Stage 4: This is the last stage of melanoma cancer. This is the stage where only a few can survive just touching the five year mark. The rate of survival for five years is between 12 to 17% when the cancer reaches this stage. In this stage, the cancer has spread to almost all the major organs and the blood vessels in the body and it is difficult to control the spread of cancer.

The above mentioned are the melanoma cancer survival rates which also give the prognosis about this cancer. This is a cancer which can lead to death, and as it is seen that the disease progresses the rate of survival is lowered. This is a cancer which needs to be diagnosed at an early stage so that one can get a better prognosis. Melanoma cancer survival rate and prognosis will differ from one patient to another. It is important to keep a check on the body and any changes in it must be addressed to the health care provider soon.

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