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Metastatic Cancer Treatment and Cure

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Metastatic cancer arises when the cancerous tumor breaks into cancerous cells and gets spread into other body structures or organs to develop there. The original site where the tumor grows initially is termed as the primary site and the cancer that develops in other organs due to spread is called as metastatic cancer. For instance, a cancer may develop in the lungs and get spread into other body structures such as the bones. In this case, lungs would be the primary site and the bones would be the secondary site for metastatic cancer. The metastatic cancer treatment is decided by considering the location and spread of the caner.

The process of metastatic cancer development varies from the cancer that develops into the nearby organs. Metastatic cancer spreads into other body structures through the bloodstream or via the lymphatic structures. Understanding the process of your cancer growth plays a vital role in selecting a suitable metastatic cancer treatment and the prognosis.

How to treat metastatic cancer?

The metastatic cancer treatment options depend on a variety of factors. These factors may involve the primary location of the cancer and where the cancer has spread to, the treatment options that have been already applied and the general health of the patient along with his/her age. Many patients with metastatic cancer are treated with a combination of treatment options and these treatment options include combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy as well as some complementary and alternative medicines.

After carrying out the metastatic cancer diagnosis, the team of doctors may look forward for an innovative approach in which combination of different metastatic cancer cure techniques are used to provide a more comprehensive plan to treat the patient. By using the advanced techniques, doctors may combine the most relevant and up to date treatments with new alternative and complementary therapies to create a plan that suits the needs of the patient.

Metastatic cancer cure options

For treating the metastatic cancer, several effective cure options are available. These treatments can be divided into three basic categories:

  • Local treatment: This option is used to treat the local metastases that cause damage.
  • Systemic (complete body) treatment: This helps to treat the cancer cells spread into various body parts.
  • Pain relief

As your cancer starts to develop in the nearby areas, it keeps on spreading into the distant organs as well. Initially, you will find that cancer cells to be very small and difficult to find in the X- ray tests. At this point, surgery cannot be the ideal option to get completely rid of the cancer cells. So, if your body possesses one or more metastases, your doctor possibly prefers a complete body treatment that aims to destroy the cancer cells throughout the body.

This treatment involves:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Integrative or complementary therapies
  • Newly discovered (experimental) treatments use to see it positive effects
  • Targeted therapies such as Avastin and Herceptin

Considering all these options, you need a treatment that works fast and effectively on you by avoiding certain hazardous conditions such as spread of the cancer in the brain, risk of breakage in the bones at the weakened locations due to cancer, and damage of the spinal cord. Moving forward with the local options of treatment such as the radiation therapy is more significant that looking for the systemic therapies to treat the patient. So, your health care team will look into one or a combination of treatments that will help to deal with your metastatic cancer right away. Treatment is aimed to deal with this threatening metastatic cancer and may involve combination of one or more among the following options:

  • Radiations
  • Steroids
  • Surgery to stabilize a broken bone or give relief from the pressure on the tissues

Your doctor may recommend the pain relieving drugs, until the systemic therapy of metastatic cancer begins to give relief from the symptoms. Pain relievers are also helpful to provide relief from the discomfort and pain due to the presence of cancer cells if the body does not responds to the complete body treatment. If your body has developed metastases in the bone, you may be recommended additional bone building drugs throughout the time.

How palliative care contributes in metastatic cancer cure?

Palliative care can be considered as a part of metastatic cancer cure or treatment, since it is a supportive care that is provided by a team of doctors, therapists, nurses and other medical professionals that are working together with the doctor of the patient to provide extra care and support. Basically, palliative care deals to help the patients in the management of pain causing due to the symptoms of metastatic cancer and treatment, provision of social, psychological and spiritual support.

Objectives of palliative care

  • Provide relief from the distressing symptoms and pain
  • Offer support for improving the lifestyle of the patient to stay positive and active until death.
  • To take care of the patient during diagnosis, throughout the treatment till the end of life.
  • Integrate the spiritual as well as psychological aspects during the patient care.
  • They can guide you with the complex and difficult options of the treatment.

Palliative care of metastatic cancer is provided by a team of professionals who are dedicated to work together for providing a comprehensive care to the patients and their families. This team involves:

  • Specialists or general health care provider
  • Palliative care professionals
  • Nurses
  • Home health aides or nursing assistants
  • Occupational, physical, speech therapists
  • Social workers

The team offers support to the patients for navigating their metastatic cancer cure plan and assists them in making the selection of the appropriate health care plan. So, in short, we can say that palliative care helps to deal with the side effects and pain caused due to the metastatic cancer treatment and symptoms.

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