Oral Cancer Surgery

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Oral cancer surgery is one of the most important and reliable forms of treatment to treat the cancerous generation in the oral cavity. It is usually effective in the initial stages of the disease though the treatment can also be undergone in the later stages in combination with other stern treatments like radiation and chemical therapy.

Concept of oral cancer surgery

Oral cancer surgery basically means the elimination of cancerous tumors by surgical methods. Tumors may develop in any parts of the mouth and can be benign or cancerous in nature. Benign tumors are known as pre-cancerous tumors and do not pose a threat to the body cells and tissues. They do not invade or attack the healthy tissues and cells and thus, do not create a hindrance in normal cell-growth process. Benign tumors do not have the tendency to spread and can be removed easily by surgical methods. Also, the chances of oral cancer reappearance are extremely low.

Cancerous tumors have a high tendency to metastasize and create an obstacle in regular mechanism of cell-growth. They not only attack the healthy cells but also force them to behave abnormally and replace them by the cancerous ones. These malignant tumors are difficult to remove by surgical methods as they can recur very easily.

Surgery for oral cancer is a pattern of treatment of removing the pre-cancerous tumors or the lumps that form in the initial stages (mostly the first two stages) of the disease. Benign tumors may turn cancerous if not detected and treated in time and may affect the life expectation of oral cancer person.

Surgery can be done to remove partial or whole organ depending upon the origin and spread of tumors. Surgery is usually not recommended in cases where the tumors have already attained the ability to metastasize. In such cases, surgery can be done only in combination with other important treatments like exposure of tumors to chemicals and radiations. Even though, the cases of conducting surgery in combination with other treatments is high, the life expectancy of the person is not high as the one predicted in the early stages of the disease where only surgical methods are sufficient to get rid of tumors.

Who should undergo oral cancer surgery?

Oral cancer is more common in men and the numbers of cases occurring in males are almost double in comparison to females. Hence, the surgical methods are more common in males. People who experience the early signs of the disease should go for thorough diagnosis as the chances of curing the disease are highest in this stage. After undergoing thorough analysis of oral cancer, if the tumors are found to be non-cancerous or benign, the victim should immediately consult a physician as the tumors are restricted to a particular area and can be successfully removed by surgery.

Skin cracks, ulcers, infections and unusual injuries in the lip and tongue areas or any other organs coming within the scope of head and neck areas should not be ignored. Numbness or soreness and unusual pains in the lips, tongue, throat or neck should be considered as an indication for thorough diagnosis. Surgery is the most viable option recommended if the lumps or tumors can be removed easily without any considerable chances of recurrence. Surgery is not the best option if the tumors have a tendency to metastasize and recur. Uneasiness or pain in lip movements, difficulties in tongue movements, problems in chewing and swallowing and awkwardness in speaking are some other symptoms of oral cancer. Formation of lump is the most basic sign of cell abnormality. Lump structure is almost similar in benign as well as cancerous tumors. Hence, a proper medical examination is necessary to opt for the right kind of mouth cancer surgery.

Types of oral cancer surgery

Surgery for oral cancer can be of various types and depends mainly on the origin and size of tumors.

Primary tumor resection is the most basic form of surgery in which the cancerous tissues including a few normal and adjacent tissues are removed to avoid the infection from spreading.

Maxillectomy is a form of surgery that involves removing a part of the bone supporting the upper teeth if the cancerous cells develop in this region.

Partial mandible resection is a form of surgical treatment in which the cancerous infection originating in the jawbone is treated by removing the infected part of the bone.

Mohs' micrographic surgery is a contemporary method to cure cancerous infection in the lips by shaving off the layer of the lip skin one by one till a normal layer of skin unaffected by cancer cells is reached.

Glossectomy is a kind of surgery in which a part or whole of the tongue is removed to eliminate tumors and prevent them from spreading to other areas of the body.

Neck dissection is a form of surgery in which the lymph nodes present in the neck areas are removed due to cancerous infection in the neck areas.

Preventive surgery is done to remove tissues that are vulnerable to cancerous infection and are likely to be invaded by the cancerous cells. This surgery is done to avoid cancer rather than to cure it. It is also known as prophylactic surgery.

Supportive surgery is a kind of mouth cancer surgery recommended with other forms of treatment when the tumors are difficult to eliminate by surgery alone but can be eliminated by using a combination of treatments.

Cytoreductive surgery is a form of surgical method in which complete removal of tumor is avoided as it may cause an irreversible damage to the victim. Maximum possible part of the tumor is removed and the rest of the malignant cells are treated by exposing them to radiations and chemicals.

Oral cancer surgery is one of the most important treatment patterns and may also depend upon the stage and diagnosis pattern of the disease. Thorough diagnosis and reliable cure pattern is very important and the surgery must be undergone under strict and expert medical supervision.

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