Oral Cancer Therapy
Oral cancer therapy is the most important phase to take control over the cancerous growth in the oral cavity. It can be of various forms and intensities and depends mainly on the stage of moth cancer. Therapies can be in the form of preventive or curative measures and protect the victim from occurrence as well as recurrence of cancer.
What is oral cancer therapy?
Therapy is a way to cure a disease. It can be different for different patients and depends on the health complications that occur or are likely to occur in that particular patient. Oral cancer is mostly common in adults. It is more prevalent in males and targets mainly the adults above 45 years. According to oral cancer stats, the numbers of cases occurring in females are almost half of those occurring in males. Therapy is very effective in decreasing the number of cases related to the disease and helps to bring down the overall number of cancer-deaths due to cancerous infection in the oral cavity.
Therapy for oral cancer is a set or pattern of treatments prescribed to control or eliminate the polyps and prevent them from redevelopment. Pattern for therapy is planned after careful analysis of the victim's body. Proper detection and examination of oral cancer is extremely necessary for right and feasible therapy.
Therapy for oral cancer can be ayurvedic, allopathic, homeopathic or even in the form of natural remedies. Nature of therapy largely depends on the phase of cancerous development and the symptoms detected sin the person. Different people may display different symptoms though all of them may be suffering from the same phase of the disease. These symptoms mainly depend on other health issues the patient might be suffering from and also alter according to the habits and lifestyle of the victim.
Oral cancer therapy dimensions
Mouth cancer therapy is quite sensitive to personal habits, genetic factors and medical history of the person. Effectiveness of therapy also depends upon other important factors.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the major causes of cancerous generation in the oral cavity. The virus is very harmful for healthy tissues and cells and deteriorates the overall immune system of the person. HPV vaccine is available to treat the virus. If the virus remains undetected or untreated for too long, it may lead to early and rapid growth of cancer cells. People infected by HPV need to be treated in a pattern different from those not infected by the virus.
Previous cancer treatment and personal history of the disease is quite disadvantageous for the person. Such factors increase the chances of cancerous infection considerably and are also responsible for oral cancer recurrence. Thus, they need to be considered thoroughly while framing a therapy for the victim.
Tobacco chewing is the biggest cause of oral cancer. Almost 75% of the people detected with cancerous development in the oral cavity have been found to be habitual to consumption of tobacco. Smoking is also an indirect cause of the disorder but is not as serious as tobacco chewing. Consumption of other carcinogenic substances is also harmful to the oral areas. Hence, the probable impact of such habits on the therapy to be given needs to be examined thoroughly.
Forms of oral cancer therapy
Oral cancer is a severe type of head and neck cancer. The chances of survival are as high as 90% in the initial stages which dip to less than 25% in the later or advanced stages. Almost 70% of the cases of mouth cancer go undetected in the initial stages. The person starts showing alarming signs only when the disease has reached an advanced stage which makes the process of treatment increasingly difficult. Also, the person simultaneously develops other non-cancerous health complications in the body leading to a considerable weakness in his immune system.
Some of the common forms of therapies include surgery, radiations treatment and chemical therapy.
Radiation therapy is also known as radiotherapy and treats the tumors by exposing them to radiations. This therapy is most efficient in curbing the abnormal cell-growth in the final stages of the disease. It actually kills or burns the infected cells and also purposefully damages some area adjacent to the infected areas. Main purpose is to minimize the chances of recurrence of malignant cells and polyps and prevent the cells from metastasizing further. The treatment has considerable side-effects and must be opted only when utmost necessary.
Chemotherapy or chemical treatment is another important therapy recommended in advanced stages of the disease. It controls or kills tumors by chemical methods and is quite effective in curbing their redevelopment. Like radiotherapy, treating tumors by chemical methods has a high number of side-effects. They may cause a permanent harm to the victim and may also affect his normal body functioning.
Surgery is the most basic and harmless form of therapy for oral cancer. Primary tumor resection, mandibular resection, partial or full thickness resection, Mohs' surgery and glossectomy are some of the vital forms of oral cancer surgeries. Surgery can also be stage-wise, palliative, curative, preventive, diagnostic or restorative. Surgical methods can also be conducted in combination with other treatments like chemical and radiation therapies if the chances of treating polyps are high in such pattern of treatment.
Homeopathic and ayurvedic treatments are also helpful in curbing cancerous growth and also act as important preventive therapies. They are not proved to be as fast as allopathic methods in treating the malignant tumors but can help in strengthening the immune system of the victim. They also play a vital role in avoiding regeneration of cancer cells in the oral areas. Hence, such treatments are usually recommended if the cancer is detected right in the initial or developmental phases.
Oral cancer therapy can be beneficial if the person follows the necessary habitual and lifestyle restrictions. Also, regular medical checkup in the post-treatment period is very important to keep a check on the cell behavior. Effectiveness of therapy directly impacts the life expectancy and survival rate of patient.