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Pancreatic Cancer Stages

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The pancreatic cancer is a condition where there is formation of cancerous cells in the patient's pancreas. The cancer cells appear on the tissues of the pancreas. If they are not treated or killed, they can spread further to other parts of the body. The pancreatic cancer is of two types- namely, the 'adenocarcinoma and the neuroendocrine tumor'.

  • Neuroendocrine tumor- The place of formation for the neuroendocrine tumor is in the cells called the 'islet cells'
  • Adenocarcinoma- The place of formation for the adenocarcinoma is in the exocrine, a component of the patient's pancreas

The pancreas is present near the stomach of every patient. It is an organ which is almost 6 inches long and about 2 inches wide. It is a fish like structure. The pancreas consists of two types of glands. They are the endocrine and the exocrine glands. The endocrine glands are useful for preparing insulin in the human body. The cluster of the endocrine glands is known as the 'islet cells'. They are not present in great quantity in human beings. The exocrine glands are necessary for the production of the pancreatic juice in the human body.

The pancreatic cancer is the fourth most commonly occurring cancer type in the human beings. The rate of pancreatic cancer is higher among males than in females. As per its area of spreading, the pancreatic cancer is classified in various stages.

Pancreatic cancer stages:

The pancreatic cancer stages are very important as they help us to determine where exactly the cancer cells spread at which stage. It is important to be familiar with the pancreatic cancer stages in order to determine the treatment option to be followed at the time of seeking expert medical advice. Below mentioned are the pancreatic cancer stages.

  • Pancreatic cancer stage 1- In the first stage of the pancreatic cancer, the cancer is found to have formed only in the pancreas of the patient. The 1st stage is further divided into 1A stage and 1B stage. This division of the stages is done on the basis of the tumor size.

  • Stage 1A of pancreatic cancer- The size of the cancerous tumor is about 2 centimeters or even smaller than that

  • Stage 1B of pancreatic cancer- The size of the cancerous tumor is more than 2 centimeters in size

  • Pancreatic cancer stage 2- In the second stage of the pancreatic cancer, the cancer cells are supposed to have spread to the nearby lymph nodes in the pancreas. The 2nd stage in the pancreatic cancer is divided into two types. They are the stage 2 A and the stage 2 B of the pancreatic cancer.

  • Stage 2A of pancreatic cancer- In this stage of the disease, the cancer is supposed to have spread to the nearby organs or the tissues present nearby but not to the lymph nodes

  • Stage 2B of pancreatic cancer- In this stage of the disease, the cancer is supposed to have spread to the lymph nodes which are nearby and there is a high possibility that it might have spread to the nearby organs and tissues

  • Pancreatic cancer stage 3- The 3rd stage of the pancreatic cancer denotes the spreading of the cancer cells to some of the main blood vessels which are near the pancreas as well as some lymph nodes which are located nearby

  • Pancreatic cancer stage 4- The 4th stage is the most invasive stage of the pancreatic cancer. In this stage, the cancerous cells may be of any kind of size and they can spread to any organ located at any distance which can include the lungs, lever etc.

The pancreatic cancer stages clearly explain the places where the cancer shows its impact at a particular time. On the basis of the pancreatic cancer stage, the treatment for the disease can be decided. The stages of the cancer make it easy to locate the cancer in the patient.

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