Penile Cancer Causes
Penile cancer causes are very helpful to understand the root cause of the disease. Understanding causes is also vital to trace the origin of tumors and predict their future course. Intense causes that directly impact the body's immune system may result into more severe situation as compared to causes that are indirect or act only as a catalyst in the cancerous growth.
What are penile cancer causes?
Penile cancer is basically the malignant growth that develops in the penis. It has a tendency to metastasize and may also reach distant organs through lymph nodes. Tumors cells formed during the process of cancer development kill the remaining cells and tissues present in the region and replace them by the cancerous ones. Abnormal division of cells affects the person's working abilities and impacts the penile areas greatly.
Causes of penile cancer are the prime reasons for generation of cancer cells in the penile areas and also act as boosters for the rapid growth of malignant cells. They assist the tumors to grow and travel to different areas nearby or remote to the penis and form separate tumors in the areas they occupy. Causes play an important role in deteriorating the immune system of the person to an extent enough to encourage the tumor-cells to grow without any considerable opposition or resistance from the normal body cells and tissues.
Causes of penile cancer prevent the vital tissues present in the penile areas to generate sufficient anti-bodies for fighting viral infections and cut supply of important resources to the normal cells present therein. This results into inefficient working of cells and makes the person highly susceptible to cancer attack.
Main penile cancer causes
Penile cancer has a high survival rate in the initial stage but dips considerably as the infection reaches the advanced stage. Almost 85% of people suffering from the disease survive for at least five years after being diagnosed and properly treated. The rate is just 59% for those who get diagnosed for cancerous polyps in the penile areas in the second or the third stage. If a person undergoes diagnosis in the fourth or final stage, his chances of survival are just 11%. Though the disease is not very common worldwide, it may prove fatal if not detected in time and treated aptly. Hence, understanding causes of penile cancer becomes vital.
Age is an important aspect of penile cancer. The disease is more common in aged people and develops at the age of 60 years or above. This again depends upon other health complications a person might be suffering from and a regular medical examination can be fruitful to keep a check on cell abnormalities in the penis.
Geographical location is another important aspect of the disease. Penile cancer occurs in just 1 person per 100,000 males in the developed regions like North American and European nations. The rate is comparatively high in less developed regions of Africa and South America. Lifestyle and personal habits can play a great role in making a person less vulnerable to the disease.
Sexually-transmitted diseases like AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) can be highly dangerous for penile health and instigate cancerous generation. Safe sex along with proper penile hygiene is very important to avoid malignant growth.
Circumcision has come up as a major aspect of penile cancer causes. People who have undergone this surgery right at birth are usually less prone to the disease as compared to those who have never undergone such surgery or have done it at a later stage of life. People without circumcision have three times higher probability of penile cancer as compared to those who have undergone it. Smoking and consumption of further carcinogenic items like tobacco and alcohol damages the internal body to a severe extent and increases the probability of malignant growth in the penis or nearby areas.
Weak immune system and poor or unhealthy dietary pattern is risky and may invite cancerous growth in the penis. Food rich in nutrients and an active daily routine is very useful to resist any kinds of infections targeting the penile or other areas.
Improper or excess exposure to UV (ultra violet) rays while undergoing treatment for psoriasis is not good for penile health and may lead to generation of malignant polyps.
Phimosis may also lead to poor penile hygiene and cause cells to behave abnormally. Phimosis is a condition in which the foreskin of the penis is unable to move back. This leads to accumulation of smegma underneath the foreskin leading to hygiene issues in the penile areas.
Penile cancer causes can be highly advantageous to understand the intensity of tumors and the probable damage they can cause to the person. Survival rate of a victim largely depends upon the root-cause of cancerous development. Causes of penile cancer need to be considered thoroughly before opting for a particular diagnosis or treatment pattern.