Penile Cancer Diagnosis and Detection
Penile cancer diagnosis is the key element in curing the development of malignant lumps in the penis. Penile cancer detection is helpful in diagnosing the disease at the earliest and also helps to understand the severity and spread of polyps in the penile areas. Diagnosis helps in undergoing proper treatment thereby benefiting the victim to avoid recurrence of cancer cells in the penile areas.
What is penile cancer diagnosis and detection?
Penile cancer is a type of generation of malignant polyps in the penile areas. It may metastasize gradually in the initial stages but the intensity of infection increases as soon as the abnormal cells reach the lymph nodes and begin to infect other vital organs in their route. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common form of penis cancer and occurs in almost 90% of the overall cases detected worldwide. Cancerous cells primarily attack tissues and healthy cells present in the penile areas and penetrate to inner layers at a later stage.
Penis cancer diagnosis is basically a process of tracing presence of malignant growth in the squamous cell carcinoma or other areas of the penis and understanding the future course of disease. Diagnosis also helps to trace the origin of tumors and gives an idea about their background. Tumors can be of various types as primary, secondary, pre-cancerous and cancerous.
Primary tumors develop primarily in the penile areas, mostly near the glans or the foreskin, and spread to other areas later. Secondary form of tumors are the ones that develop in other vital organs like abdomen, lungs, prostate, testicles etc. and reach the penile areas through metastasis. Pre-cancerous tumors are the ones that develop in the preliminary stages of cell abnormality and have a tendency to turn cancerous if not treated in time. Benign tumors are a kind of pre-cancerous lumps and usually do not pose a threat to tissues and cells present in the penile areas. They can be tackled by surgical methods and do not carry a tendency to recur.
Diagnosis also focuses on the methods and medical techniques to be used for identifying the infected cells. In many cases, the appearance of benign lumps is almost similar to the cancerous ones. Also, the cancerous cells replicate the appearance of normal cells thus, making it difficult to detect and diagnose cancerous lumps. Hence, proper penile cancer detection is necessary to make the treatment process effective and efficient.
Importance of penile cancer detection and diagnosis
Penile cancer usually targets old people beyond 60 years of age and the chances of its occurrence as well as recurrence increase with age. Survival rate for penile cancer is more than 85% in the first stage but falls to mere 11% in the last or final stage. It is around 59-60% for the middle stages. Survival rate for the disease is calculated from the time of diagnosis and may alter due to a variety of factors like age, geographical location of the victim, environmental factors or even the personal habits and lifestyle pattern. Thus, detection of tumors is important to find the root cause of the disease so that the treatment can be initiated accordingly.
Penis cancer is more common in African and South American areas as compared to North America and Europe. Though the numbers of cases related to penile cancer are very less, the disease is highly fatal if the tumors progress into advanced stages. Hence, detection and examination of polyps is extremely necessary at the earliest so that further health complications can be avoided.
Various factors like Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and major disorders like AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) may increase the chances of penis cancer to a great extent. Weak immune system is also a major cause of the disease. Diagnosis of tumors helps in finding the risk factor that caused maximum damage to the penile areas so that the cure pattern and post-treatment care can be recommended accordingly.
Basic techniques for penile cancer diagnosis
Fine needle aspiration biopsy, Computed Tomography (CT) scan, lymph node biopsy and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan are some of the important diagnosis techniques used to diagnose cancerous cells in the penis. Some may also through lymph node biopsy, normal biopsy, ultrasound and X-rays for detection of tumors in the preliminary stages.
Penile cancer diagnosis is important to increase the life expectancy of the person and save him from severe side-effects of stern cancer treatments. Penile cancer treatments can be in the form of surgery or passage of tumors through chemicals and radiations. They may impact the person's body badly and cause complications in the penile areas. Thus, penile cancer detection plays a vital role in enabling the victim to lead a normal and healthy life.