Penile Cancer Surgery
Penile cancer surgery is a common treatment pattern for elimination of tumors that originate and develop in the penis. The treatment is most effective in the initial phases of the disease but can also be undertaken at a later stage if the chances of restricting cancerous growth are high. Surgery is of various types and may vary in intensity depending upon the type and size of tumor.
Why is Penile Cancer Surgery Important?
Penile cancer is a rare form of cancerous development that occurs in the penis and usually targets the glans or foreskin areas. Cancer growth is gradual in the initial stages but the tumors may grow at a greater pace as soon as they develop a tendency to metastasize. People aged above 60 years are highly vulnerable to cancer of the penis and need to pay greater attention to disorders or pains that develop in the penile or other nearby areas like abdomen, testicles or prostate.
Penis is an important organ and plays an important role in sexual reproduction activities and passage of urine out of the body. Cancerous development in the penis may lead to its inefficient functioning and may also pave way for other major health complications including inefficient functioning of testicles. The disorder may be fatal if tumors are not detected in time or are treated inefficiently.
Survival rate for penis cancer is almost 85% in the first phase and falls to mere 11% in the last one. Also, the persons suffering from intermediate stage of the disease have not more than 60% survival rate. Thus, the disease is quite fatal if the tumors are treated late. Hence, early elimination of polyps is very important to prevent further health complications.
Radiation and chemical treatments are very harsh forms of treatments and have a high number of side-effects. They kill or damage tumors by exposing them to chemicals or radiations. The treatment is risky because it also causes damage to some of the vital tissues and cells present in the affected areas. Thus, this form of cure is advisable only in late stages of the disease where elimination of tumors is almost impossible and the only way to control them is by killing the abnormal cells. Also, the overall time required for mental as well as physical recovery is quite high in such treatments and post-treatment care is very necessary. Chances of recurrence of polyps still remain even after taking such treatments (treatment on penile cancer).
Operation is an effective therapy in such cases as it focuses on complete elimination of tumors without causing any major damage to the healthy cells and tissues present adjacent to the infected areas. Surgery for penile cancer has very few side-effects and a person can recover fast and safe even through normal medication after being operated for cancerous tumors in the penis. Hence, surgery is the most significant method to get rid of penis tumors and avoid their repetition.
Forms of Penile Cancer Surgery
Penile cancer surgeries can be of various kinds and are influenced by a number of factors like the size and location of tumors, background of cancerous growth, stage of the disease and probability of complete elimination of tumor cells. Health disorders like Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and personal habits like smoking, drinking alcohol and excess chewing of tobacco may increase the severity of cancerous cells and decrease their chances of being treated by surgical methods alone.
Circumcision is the most common form of penis cancer surgery and is conducted by removal of foreskin. This cure is highly effective if the cancerous tumors have affected only the foreskin areas.
Penectomy is another important form of surgery in which a part or whole of the penis is removed to avoid cancerous cells to travel further to other vital organs.
Glansectomy is a kind of surgical method in which the glans (top area of the penis) is removed to avoid the malignant polyps from infecting other penile areas. The method does not cause complications in sexual activities or passage of urine even in the post-treatment period.
Removal of lymph nodes present in the penile areas is also effective if the tumor cells have already reached the lymph areas. Cryotherapy and laser surgery are contemporary methods to get rid of abnormal cells. In cryotherapy, the infected cells are killed by freezing them through passage of liquid nitrogen. Laser surgery is a method in which the malignant cells are killed by exposure to strong laser lights.
Wide local excision is a kind of surgical technique used to treat tumors that are spread in wide areas but have not reached the lymph nodes.
Penile cancer surgery can be highly beneficial if done at the right time. Surgical methods are less effective once the tumors start spreading to areas outside the penile region. Surgery can also be undergone along with radiation therapy or chemical treatments if the possibilities of eliminating cancerous lumps are high and chances of their recurrence are quite low.