Prostate Cancer Cure
Cancer » Prostate Cancer » Prostate Cancer Cure
Prostate cancer is a malignant disease that originates in the prostate gland, located in between the gallbladder and rectum of men. Hence, prostate cancer is a disease confined to men. Prostate cancer cure is important to decrease the mortality rate of the cancer. This disease is considered to be almost 98% curable, if the diagnosis is prompt and early. With the early detection, even appropriate treatment should begin.
Cure techniques available for prostate cancer includes surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. However, deciding upon the cure option is difficult and is based on various factors such as the patient's overall health, stage at which the cancer was diagnosed and spread of the cancer.
The cancer that has slow progression is difficult to diagnose during the early stage. However, if the cancer is symptomatic or has spread to deeper tissues of prostate glands, then a few signs and symptoms of prostate cancer may show up such as urine incontinence, blood while urinating, pain in the bones, and swelling in the legs.
Curative Techniques for Prostate Cancer
There are various curative treatments available for the cancer. If the cancer has grown beyond the lymph nodes and surrounding areas of the prostate, it is not eligible to be treated with surgery or radiation therapy.
Such cancers are candidates for palliative care (care for prostate cancer patient) and hormonal therapy to slow the progression of the cancer. Oncologist may select any of the following treatment techniques for the cancer:
- Radical Prostatectomy
This is a surgical intervention that involves the removal of the prostate gland and also the nearby lymph nodes, if the cancer has spread beyond the prostate. The surgery involves an incision to be made in the lower abdomen to remove the prostate. General anesthesia is administered before and after the surgery; catheter tube is inserted through penis into the bladder to create urine outlet from the body, while the area heals after the surgery.
This surgery is one of the certain cures of prostate cancer and has certain risks related to it such as loss of bladder control or even impotence.
- Radiation Therapy
There are two types of radiation therapy. One is beam radiation therapy also known as external radiation therapy and the other is seed radiation therapy or internal radiation therapy.
Beam radiation therapy takes around 10 minutes for each sitting and is scheduled 5 days a week prolonged for 6-8 weeks. Such therapy places a radiation exerting machine out of the body and directs the radiations to the desired location to destroy the cancer cells.
Seed therapy involves radiations administered into the body through the means of needles or tablets. This treatment requires the patient to be inpatient and is usually completed within a single hospital visit.
Side effects of radiation therapy can be nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, rectal bleeding and discomfort, urinary bleeding and burning sensation. The side effects of internal radiation therapy are relatively harmful than external radiation therapy, as in the former higher radiations are used to cure the condition.
- Hormonal Therapy
Testosterone is a male hormone that is associated with the prostatic cells' abnormal growth. Hence, the hormonal treatment is directed towards depriving the prostate of testosterone hormone and arrest the stimulation of the cancerous prostatic cells.
There are two ways to accomplish this therapy, surgical and medical. Surgical accomplishment of hormonal therapy involves removal of the testes, the source of testosterone hormone.
The medical hormonal therapy involves administration of certain medications that either blocks the release of testosterone hormone or else works against it, to block its effect on the prostate gland.
Some of the common adverse effects of hormone therapy are erectile dysfunction, lower sex drive, fatigue and week bones.
This is a palliative type of cure and usually fit for patients with advanced stages of cancer. However, this therapy may be beneficial for the patients suffering from early prostate cancer, as the procedure can shrink the prostate cells before radiation therapy is administered in a patient.
Cryotherapy is a new and less invasive procedure that can be performed on the outpatient. It is also known as cryosurgery or cryoblationThis therapy assures immediate recovery and is eligible for the patients suffering recurrent cancer growth due to resistance to radiation therapy.
This procedure aims at destruction of cancerous cells by cold treatment. The technique involves freeing the cancerous cells by usage of sub zero degree temperature. The temperature may be below negative 40 degrees that can stimulate an anti-cancer response in the body and stimulate anti-bodies to destroy the tumor.
Usually liquid nitrogen gas is placed in the prostate through cryoneedles. This gas helps freeze the tissues in the prostate and in the surrounding region and die eventually. Following this procedure, heating gas is then placed in the region to heat the tissues. However, freezing the cancerous cells through this procedure also may hamper some of the healthy tissues.
Chemotherapy is beneficial for the patients with prostatic adenocarcinoma, which is a gradually progressing cancer, wherein the cells divide at usual rate as a healthy cell. Chemotherapy procedure involves systemic circulation of the cancer-killing drugs throughout the body. Hence, unlike radiation therapy or cryotherapy, chemotherapy cannot be directed to any specific region of the body.
There are various chemotherapy drugs that have proven the efficiency in destroying cancer cells in the body and mitozantrone, docetaxel, vinblastine and etoposide are some of the common drugs to treat prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer cure is possible through various techniques. Some of them have established promising results and some are newer and lack in sufficient survival rate data. Watchful waiting is one of the curative techniques to treat the disease in a better manner. This procedure involves close observation of the patients and allowing the significant cancer growth to be treated with appropriate
technique and at the same time avoiding the side-effects of any aggressive treatments.
In addition to the conventional treatment, complementary medicines that help keep the overall health, maintain energy levels and the biological cycle are gaining attention in the past few decades.