Rectal Cancer Prevention
Rectal cancer prevention is very important not only at personal but at the global level. The disease is third-most common form of cancer and causes a large number of cancer-deaths. The disease is equally common in men and women and occurs mostly in adults above 50 years. Chance of occurrence of rectal cancer in young people is very low. Cancer of the rectum is more common in developed and industrially nations. Black people are more common to the disease as compared to white ones and the number of deaths related to the disease is also higher in the black people.
What is rectal cancer prevention?
Like other cancers, rectal cancer has certain causes and early signs that confirm the presence or chances of development of malignant cells in the rectal areas. Identifying such causes of rectal cancer is very important to make you safe from the cancerous attack. Prevention focuses on all those methods and techniques that may help in avoiding occurrence or recurrent generation of tumors in the rectal areas.
Prevention is not limited to medical or non-medical therapies to keep a good health and strong immune system but also demands rectification of flaws in the lifestyle and personal habits of a person. Personal habits are the main culprits in damaging the body resistance of the person and expose him to cancerous invasion.
Rectal cancer can be primary or secondary in nature. Primary rectal cancer is the one in which the tumors develop in the rectal areas and may increase their scope of damage with increase in the intensity of the disease. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of primary rectal cancer and constitutes almost 95% of the total number of rectal cancer cases occurring worldwide. Secondary cancer of the rectum is a malignant infection that develops in other parts or organs of the body and reaches the rectal areas with due passage of time. Pace of secondary rectal cancer usually depends on the organ in which the cancer has originated and its location with respect to rectum.
Understanding prevention methods may help in avoiding both primary and secondary types of cancer and also prevent the victim from undergoing redevelopment of cancer cells when treated for the same in the past. Cancer prevention also helps to understand the prime infections and other non-cancerous disorders that may pave way for development or generation of cancer cells in the rectal areas.
Tumors can be of two major types as cancerous and benign. Tumors that are benign in nature cause less harm to the cells and tissues present in the rectum. They do not metastasize and do not show the possibilities of recurrence. They restrict themselves to the region in which they originate and do not cause any major obstruction in the normal functioning of rectum or organs adjacent to it. Such tumors are easy to eliminate and surgical methods are quite effective in tackling them.
Cancerous tumors develop and behave in a pattern contrary to the benign ones. It's very difficult to curb such tumors by surgery and they metastasize in a rapid manner. Their main aim is to destroy vital tissues and cells present in the rectal areas and replace them by the cancerous ones. They also force the normal cells to behave abnormally and bring about an abnormal and uncontrollable cell-growth. It is highly difficult to tackle cancer tumors if they reach an advanced stage.
Prevention helps in avoiding growth of polyps in the rectum and is an effective way to detect and eliminate benign tumors. Benign tumors can turn cancerous if left untreated for a long time. Thus, contemporary prevention and diagnosis techniques need to be adopted to tackle the abnormal cell behavior effectively and in minimum possible time.
Tips for rectal cancer prevention
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and other sexually-transmitted diseases like AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) can be very harmful for the rectal health and increase the risk of cancerous invasion in the rectum or other areas like bowel, colon, anus or abdominal areas. Smoking and consumption of tobacco should be avoided to keep your immune system intact and enable the tissues and cells present in the rectal areas to function normally and efficiently.
Improper bowel movements, diarrhea and frequent uncontrolled vomiting should be diagnosed very thoroughly before it leads to cancerous growth in the rectum. Some may also experience pains during digestion of food or passage of stools. Such abnormalities may also be due to development of benign tumors. Such abnormalities should be examined on urgent basis as any delay may give the malignant cells a chance to develop freely and rapidly.
Unusual loss of weight and appetite and unexpected abdominal pains should be examined to find the root cause of the disorders. Excess alcoholism, irregular diet and consumption of food rich in red meat and fat content should be avoided. Obesity and frequent fatigue should not be ignored. Techniques like Digital Rectal Exam (DRE), X-rays and colonoscopy are very helpful in identifying the root cause of irregularities in the rectal areas and help in tracing the tumors, if any.
Some may also undergo sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood test to test if the rectum is infected by cancerous cells. Regular medical examination is the key to avoid generation or development of cancerous cells in the rectum. Balanced diet and active lifestyle is very important to avoid cancerous disorder in the rectum.
Main function of the rectum is to extract nutrients like proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates form the food that passes through the rest of digestive system. Thus, eating regular and proper diet will benefit in extraction of high level of nutrients and indirectly benefit in keeping the rectal health intact. Rectal cancer prevention is the key to good health.
Rectal cancer prevention is important because rectal cancer treatment is quite severe. Surgery is effective only in the initial stages of rectal cancer. Stern treatments like radiation and chemical therapies are the only options left if the cancer reaches advanced stages. This may also cause permanent flaws in the functioning of rectum.