Rectal Cancer Research and Breakthrough
Rectal cancer research and breakthrough offer a significant advantage to the patients suffering from rectal cancer. It is also of great help in exploring risk of rectal cancer and cures to curb the chances of recurrence of the disease. Rectal cancer is one of the major forms of cancers and the cases related to this disorder are consistently on the rise. Thus, research and breakthrough can be very useful in minimizing the cases by offering better methods to treat the disease.
Why is rectal cancer research important?
Rectal cancer is a kind of cancerous development in the rectum and may also spread to other organs like the colon, bowels, lungs, liver, kidney or anus. Colon and rectum cancer together is also known as colorectal cancer and is the third-most severe kind of cancer detected worldwide. It accounts for a high number of cancer-deaths and is more common in industrially develop nations. White men are less prone to the disease as compared to the black ones. Thus, the numbers of rectal cancer-deaths are higher in black people.
Rectal cancer is mostly of adenocarcinoma type (almost 98% cases belong to this category) and develops in the glandular types of tissues or the epithelium of the rectum. The cancer cells look quite similar to other normal and healthy ones and thus, detecting them becomes difficult and time-consuming. Also, the tumors can be benign (also known as non-cancerous tumors) or cancerous. Benign tumors look quite similar to the cancerous ones. Though benign tumors are undamaging to the body, an appropriate diagnosis method needs to be adopted to confirm the nature of tumors. All such important variations form a part of rectal cancer research.
Rectal cancer research also deals with the reliability of current treatments and detection techniques to curb cancer infection in the rectum. Rectum is an important part of the digestive system and performs the main role of supplying vitamins and other nutrients like proteins, fats, water and carbohydrates to the body. Thus, any infection in the rectum directly impacts the overall body health leading to fatigue and deterioration of the immune system of the victim.
Surgery and radiation therapy are the two major forms of treatments recommended for rectal cancer. Chemotherapy is also recommended in some cases where other forms of treatments are not viable. Treatments are closely related to the stage of rectal cancer and the patient's sustainability to the medication. Rectal cancer treatments are generally harsh and may cause a serious damage or severe side-effects to the patient if done in an inapt way. Research helps to bring about a proper coordination between the cancerous growth and the treatment to be followed thus, helping in fast and safe elimination or curbing of cancer cells in the rectum.
Research also helps to understand the role of latest technology and equipments in rectal cancer cure and enables the patient to opt for a treatment suitable to his physical and mental abilities. Important parameters like rectal cancer survival rate, life expectancy and prognosis rate of rectal cancer change from time to time and are closely associated with rectal cancer research.
Meaning of rectal cancer breakthrough
Breakthrough for rectal cancer basically means an important achievement that makes the elimination of cancer tumors in the rectum easier and safer. It may also deal with non-treatment aspects like the home remedies, preventive measures, causes and early signs and introduction of various therapies to deal with the disease. Role of support groups in psychological recovery of the patient can also be a part of the breakthrough if positive results are obtained on a general basis.
Breakthrough is usually taken on a general basis and is the output of intense and consistent research. It may or may not benefit all and takes time to prove its abilities. Reliability of breakthrough, especially the one related to treatment, may vary according to the stage and metastatic behavior of tumors.
Proper diagnosis and treatment is necessary to make optimum use of rectal cancer research and breakthrough.
Important rectal cancer research and breakthrough
Rectal cancer research and breakthrough may gain or lose its importance with time as it is carried on continuous basis and usually progresses by correcting the flaws of the previous findings.
Laparoscopic colon surgery has come up as an important form of surgery to treat tumors less than 2 inches.
Regular intake of aspirin after a person is diagnosed for rectal cancer may decrease the chances of regeneration of malignant cells in the rectum. But the intake should be taken under strict medical supervision.
Sufficient quantity of vitamin D can be very helpful in decreasing the mortality rate of the disease.
According to a latest research, estrogen hormone has been found to be very effective in controlling abnormal cell-growth in the colorectal areas. Researchers reached this breakthrough by analyzing the performance of Estrogen Receptor beta or ERbeta.
Rectal cancer occurrence is found to be related to certain genetic and hereditary factors. Thus, persons having a family history of this disease are highly prone to cancer development in the rectum.
Role of chemoprevention in minimizing the chances of colon and rectal cancer is being considered seriously.
According to a research by the American Cancer Institute, intake of folate in high quantity can benefit in reducing the risk of cancerous infection in the colon and rectum. Folate is a kind of vitamin B and can be obtained by consuming peanuts and green leafy vegetables.
Diet rich in fiber contents can be advantageous in supplying necessary nutrients to a person's body and secure him from falling prey to rectal polyps. Consumption of dried fruits, legumes, cooked fresh and green vegetables and brown rice are quite rich in fiber contents.
Rectal cancer research and breakthrough is time-specific and can be advantageous only for a certain time period. New findings automatically replace the outdated ones and make the process of dealing with the rectal cancer more reliable. All findings may not be suitable to a person and one needs to take the advantage of research findings and breakthroughs only under strict and thorough medical supervision.